Victims of the Vikings
The Vikings made history as fearless explorers and conquerors. To this day, they are celebrated as heroes. But is this justified? All the myths and legends about the courage and adventurous spirit of the Vikings seem to have obscured the dark side of their success. For Viking society was determined by human trafficking and slavery. It was this that allowed the Viking world to expand, and to win the reputation and admiration it still holds today. Why did the Vikings hunt humans? Who were their victims? What role did slaves play within their society? What fates awaited their captives? How was the slave trade organized, and how did it develop over time? And what impact did this human trafficking of the Vikings have on the Europe of the Middle Ages? Now, for the first time, a docu-drama seeks out the answers to these questions and illuminates the history of the Vikings and their slaves. The key: the story of the Irish monk Findan, who was enslaved by Viking Warrios together with his sister in the 9th century, as recorded in his own words. It is the foundation for a filmic journey to an age when Norse seafarers established themselves as explorers and - rather lesser-known - as peopletraffickers and slave owners. Archaeological research and scientific analysis accompany this filmic journey into the past, while internationally experts on Viking history explore the significance of slavery in the Viking World.It's time to tell the story of the forgotten ones - the «Victims of the Vikings».
Mit der neunteiligen Reihe »Unser Österreich« dokumentiert »Universum History« erstmals die Geschichte der Bundesländer. Anhand von neun Familien werden historische Wendepunkte, persönliche Schlüsselerlebnisse und die Auseinandersetzung mit Tradition und Veränderung thematisiert.
The Woman who Knew Too Much: A Cold Case from the Cold War
Brilliant young Austrian economist Margarethe Ottillinger was arrested on 5th November 1948, crossing a bridge between the Soviet and American zones in post-war Vienna. It was a classic Cold War kidnapping. Ottilinger had been researching the Soviet exploitation of Austrian industry, but even after her release from a Russian prison seven years later, she never learned the official reason for her detention and torture. The rumour persisted that she was sacrificed by her boss and lover, the Austrian economics minister Peter Krauland. He had a Nazi past and there was evidence of a complicated web of corruption and political conspiracy. Using latest revelations from Russian and Austrian archives, this film turns a tragic personal story into an iconic account of Cold War deceit and skullduggery.
The Wild and the West
The real nature of the western: Why is it that other rivers always act as the double for the Rio Bravo, vultures have never gotten beyond being extras, and that scorpions always climb into the hero´s boots?
For the past one-hundred years westerns have awoken a longing for real adventure and for the big «undiscovered country»- and they've been so successful that most people it's easy to picture the Wild West: Dust blowing through the prominent rock formations of Monument Valley. Endless deserts which test the endurance of righteous men and provide a perfect hiding place for outlaws. Rapid rivers, on the other side of which, a new and better life awaits.
But what 'westerns' tell us about the west is only a part of the story and most of the time it's just fiction - especially the landscape and the wildlife. In the Wild West, it's only a day's ride from the desert to the river, whereas in reality the landscapes are often thousands of miles apart. Not only did they use riders to double for actors they also used bogus rivers to double for the real thing. The famous Rio Bravo is mentioned in the title of more than a hundred westerns, but it's so dried up that in a western it's normally replaced by the Colorado or the San Juan River.
In »Wild is the West«, the man with no name is the wise old man of the west. Nothing is strange to him: From the cavalry, whose legend is bigger than reality, to the myths of the relentless burning hot desert. He proves (at least on celluloid) that it's possible to kill and roast a turkey within five seconds. The famous »man without a name«, hero of countless westerns from the 60´s and 70´s changes genre for this documentary film: He rides through 'Western country' and talks about his life as a professional hero, about the fantasy of the director and about some of the unusual animals and plants that he's encountered in the course of his career. In this documentary, the American actor, Joe Dimmick, plays the role of the Man without a name. He has been the number one double for Clint Eastwood for more than thirty years and is a hopeless romantic, «Can you feel it yet, the feeling to leave everything behind and ride into the sunset? I'll tell you one thing, «If you really want to, you can find the good old West everywhere.»
The Voynich Code - The World's Most Mysterious Manuscript
It is the world's most mysterious manuscript. A book, written by an unknown author, illustrated with pictures that are as bizarre as they are puzzling - and written in a language that even the best cryptographers have been unable to decode. No wonder then, that this script even has a part in Dan Brown's latest bestseller, «The Lost Symbol». The Voynich Manuscript has captivated academics and occultists in equal measure since its discovery 100 years ago. The decoders of the Japanese Purple Code, physicists with high-performance modern computers and polymath historians have all tried their luck. But to date nobody has been able to decipher the book's contents. «The Voynich Mystery» follows a completely new lead in the hunt for the author's identity and uncovers the secret of the mysterious manuscript using the methods of materials science. To the present day many historians believe the manuscript to be a fake, allegedly circulated by the New York antique book dealer, Wilfrid Voynich, in 1912 so that he could offer it to wealthy manuscript collectors. Voynich did not, however, succeed in selling the mysterious manuscript to a collector during his lifetime. After his death, it eventually found its way into the collection of the University of Yale's Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library. The manuscript's age, origin and contents remained unknown. For almost a century, the numerous illustrations in particular have given rise to the most adventurous speculation and astounding theories. The secret lettering itself is also still a source of great mystery. But now a new investigative approach has shed new light into the maze of conflicting theories and ideas. At the home of the Voynich Manuscript, the University of Yale, the mysterious text has been looked at again using the methods of material science.
The Vampire Princess
An aristocratic demon hunting for human blood, who strikes unsuspecting mortals at night - everyone knows the grim story of Count Dracula. Now scientists can reveal the truth: the vampire story as we know it isn't modelled on a medieval count from Transylvania but on the fate of a Bohemian princess from the early 18th century. She suffered from an allergy to light and could only leave her living quarters secretly at night. As a terrible fear of vampires swept central Europe at that time the people of a small village went into hysterics and committed a horrible crime. This documentary traces the origins of all the vampire myths by uncovering a gruesome murder.
The Treasury - Vienna's Natural History Museum
For the world famous newspaper, the «Sunday Times», an English team of museum specialists determined the ten best museums of this world - Austria's Natural History Museum of Vienna was within the top ten. Without a doubt, it holds a unique position within the museums of the world. Vienna's Natural History Museum is a collection of natural treasures - from meteorites to stone age artefacts, from dinosaur bones to fossils trapped in amber. But how did these jewels find their way into this temple of knowledge? Every piece has its own story which leads out of the museum into the remotest corners of the world - and beyond. For the first time, this documentary will unfold the history of this traditional Viennese museum as well as explore the museum's contribution to science across the world.
The Ice Trap - The Tegetthoff's Arctic Odyssey
The «Franz Josef Land» archipelago was discovered in 1873 by an Austrian polar expedition. This 90-minute special illustrates the achievements and sacrifices of the ship's 24 crew members from Istria, Dalmatia, Italy, Hungary, Bohemia and Austria. Trapped in the ice, the Tegetthoff drifted northward, farther north than any human being had ever ventured before. Captain Carl Weyprecht's decision to abandon the doomed ship and begin the long trek over the pack-ice back through Siberia led to one of the most spectacular achievements of a team in international polar history.
Two towns and one mountain in the Austrian province of Tyrol changed the world. They took humankind from the depths of the Middle Ages to modern times. They helped the Habsburgs and German commercial traders to power and wealth. This is where 80% of the world's silver was mined. An instrument of currency was established right here, the «Taler», which would later become the world-renowned «Dollar». Today the Tyrolean cities of Schwaz and Hall, and the Falkenstein «Silver Mountain», have sunk into a long slumber. This film revives the historic lives of these cities by reconstructing the day-today experience of the miners and their medieval technology.
In 25 years the nuclear wasteland around Chernobyl has re-emerged as a complete ecosystem and one of Europe's largest wildlife sanctuaries. And yet, it is radioactive. Where humans are unable to live, nature is flourishing. Somewhere in this nuclear wilderness, there are packs of radioactive wolves, wandering through abandoned towns. Here they live in large packs as they used to. There are now an estimated 300+ wolves making the most of this deceptively beautiful landscape. But are these wolves mutants? Have they been affected by nuclear contamination after the '86 explosion? This film embarks on a journey to investigate the fate of the wolves and other animals in the contaminated wilderness.
This film takes a look at the various ways poisons have been used throughout history, using dramatic reconstructions of some of the most infamous poisonings. But the film doesn't stop there. Using advanced computer animation, we travel inside the bodies of a victim of the Borgias, as well as Cleopatra, Hannibal, Socrates, Emperor Leopold and a host of other unfortunate victims, to witness from the inside how they died. The film follows humanity's macabre search over thousands of years for the perfect poison. A poisoner needs a poison that is tasteless and colorless, and therefore won't be noticed by the victim. It needs to work in low doses, so a poisoner doesn't have to feed his victim large quantities. And it needs to be reliably and quickly lethal. Finally, it needs to be undetectable after the event, so the poisoner leaves no trail of guilt. In fact, for preference it should mimic the symptoms of a disease, so no-one even suspects poisoning. Not surprisingly, such a perfect poison is not easy to find or make, and the search has occupied some of humanity's finest minds.
Passion and Power - Queen Victoria's Secrets
Victoria - the iconic Queen of England turns 200!
Ol' Man River - Mighty Mississippi
There is no river on earth where so many dreams were dreamt, where so many dreams came true or fell apart, where the dividing line between life and death is as thin as on the Mississippi - North America's great river. The Mississippi is the world's third largest river. From the Canadian border to New Orleans, from Helena in the Rocky Mountains to Pittsburgh, it drains 31 US states and two Canadian provinces. Since the first human beings set foot on the North-American subcontinent, the face of the river has changed dramatically. This epic film shows the great American river in cinematically beautiful images and emotions. Moving cameras show the endlessness of the land, the impenetrable wilderness and, in stark contrast, the shining steel facades of modern metropolises. The film also reveals a fascinating world inhabited by rare plant and animal wildlife with a distinctly exotic touch. At the same time, it invites us on a journey through history. In several episodes, with the aid of CGI we travel into the past from characteristic sites.
Also available in 2 x 45min.
Of Graves and Robbers - The Sell-out of Peruvian History
The arid sand deserts of Peru have been preserving mummies and burial artefacts over many millennia. Recent excavations such as the royal burial chambers of Sipán and the 220 mummies found at the Lake of Condors produced a scientific sensation comparable only to the discovery of the Egyptian tombs. Starting out from these finds, the movie goes in hot pursuit of what happens at and around the excavation sites of Peru. On the one hand there's Peruvian archaeologist Sonia Guillen, who has dedicated her life to the proper scientific investigation of her country's heritage. Her efforts are frequently frustrated by grave looters: entire villages make their living by digging up ancient burying places to get at artefacts which earn the huaceros a few dollars but which bring enormous wealth to international smuggling networks. Quite often it is the grave robbers who put scientists on the tracks of new discoveries - yet every devastated site is another irredeemable loss of our heritage. The documentary illuminates the criminal entanglements of the international antique market and follows the famous FBI art cops in reconstructing the spectacular robbery of one of the most
Myths of the Alps
Since ancient times the High Alps have been a region of extremes: bizarre landscapes, powerful acts of nature and deprivation for both people and animals. In these regions, myths and sagas were especially powerful. People tried to deal with those forces of nature by explaining them with arcane tales and worshipping powerful gods to calm their fearful minds. Energy fields, stone altars for sacrifices, healing spring waters - they all have a mysterious code that continues to live on in the traditions and rituals of the communities living in remote villages far beyond civilization. This documentary traces these myths to produce a journey through time to the places our ancestors once worshipped, visiting some of the most beautiful mountain regions in the heart of Europe.
Mysteries of the Stone Age
They seem to have come from another world: circles and buildings made of gigantic stones. The most famous are Stonehenge in Britain and Carnac in France. But these megaliths from the Stone Age - 5,000 years BCE - are found all round the world, as recent discoveries show. There appears to be a network of sites from the north of Scotland to the Mediterranean (Malta alone has around 30 temples) to the Far East - with gigantic graves in Korea. It's still not clear how ancient civilizations managed to create these fantastic stone structures. How did they lift the huge blocks into place? And what can we learn about those societies? What were the turning points in their history? Was there a secret connection between the cultures that built the megalith circles? New studies and the latest international research reveal fresh clues to the biggest mysteries of the Stone Age.
Maximilian of Mexico - The Dream of Empire
Since childhood, Archduke Maximilian, brother of Emperor Franz Joseph I., has wished for nothing more than to emerge from his sibling's shadow. His dream finally comes true when he becomes Emperor of Mexico. However, the dream unexpectedly and rapidly becomes a nightmare: Maximilian believes he is welcome in Mexico, but the opposite is true. He is finally captured by his adversary, Benito Juarez, and sentenced to death. Maximilian's dreams of becoming a glorious ruler die with him, cut down by a firing squad. To mark the 150th anniversary of Maximilian's ascent to the throne in 1874, this docudrama examines the fate of the contradictory and complex Habsburg prince, and investigates the circumstances that led to his tragic failure.
Maria Theresa - Europe's Mother-in-Law
The Empress arranged her children's marriages to make peace with France, Spain, Parma and Naples. One of these children was Marie Antoinette, who married Louis XVI of France before they were both decapitated. Needless to say, these marriages were largely unsuccessful. Watch as Maria Theresia struggled to balance dynastic responsibility and motherly love.
Madeira - Emerald in the Atlantic
Madeira is considered as «the green emerald» in the Atlantic ocean. The island's mountains are overgrown with million-years-old primeval forests. The Laurisilva forest, the largest of its kind in Europe, covers an area of 22,000 hectares and has been proclaimed to be UNESCO World Natural Heritage in 1999. The majority of all plant and animal species that occur on Madeira are global endemics. In his film, multi-award winner Kurt Mündl tells the story of discovery and colonization of the archipelago and shows endangered nature and traditional culture in extraordinary pictures: From whales to Europe's smallest bird, from traditional sugar cane processing to the centuries-old craft of basket-making.
Luis Trenker - Hitler's Mountain Hero
Luis Trenker is a legend. Best known internationally for his mountain films with then actress Leni Riefenstahl ("The White Hell of Piz Pallü"), he had a controversial movie career under the Nazis and was championed by Italian Fascists, before being reborn after the War telling stories of his life on German television. This documentary shows the highs and lows of a long life, the delicate balance between Hitler and Mussolini, adaptation and resistance, box office success and cinematic art. Was he a Nazi collaborator or opposed to the Regime? Or simply an amoral survivor who never ceased moulding his own image?
Lost City of the Gladiators
The gladiator school at Carnuntum, Roman city onthe Danube, turned slaves, prisoners, and also volunteerslike our hero Atticus into skilled and brutalentertainers who could be re-exported throughoutthe Empire. Precision, speed and spectacular techniquemade them true sports stars, kept in peakcondition by their vegetarian diet and rigoroustraining. Gladiators earned well and paid privatevisits to wealthy women admirers. But a moment'sloss of concentration in the arena was lethal, andeven in death, the loser must show no Emotion.
Kailash - Towards the Sacred Mountain
In a remote west Tibetan corner, one of the highest-lying and most solitary territories of our planet, a pyramid rises that is made solely of crags and ice: Mount Kailash, the holy mountain. For more than a thousand years, pilgrims have been going on a long and laborious journey, following an ancient ritual of rounding the sacred peak, in order to draw on the miraculous powers of the Kailash. The documentary is a cinematic expedition on the tracks of Sven Hedin, Heinrich Harrer and Hervert Tichy, who were all spellbound by the Kailash and its sacred power.
Hans Hass - The Man Who Discovered the Sea
For hundreds of thousands of divers and underwater specialists throughout the world the name Hans Hass is synonymous with everything that takes places under the ocean waves.
Gonsalvus - The Real Beauty and the Beast
From his birth in 1556 on Tenerife, Petrus Gonsalvus suffered from a rare condition now called «hypertrichosis» or «Ambras syndrome»: his body, including his face, was completely covered with hair, leading scholars to believe he was a talking ape. At the age of ten he was given as a gift to King Henry II of France, where he soon spoke fluent French, Italian and Latin and entertained the court with his brilliant conversation. The Queen decided to test if he really was human, and the pretty daughter of a court servant was bribed to marry Gonsalvus. But Petrus and Catherine finally fell in love and had several children; sadly, those who inherited their father's rare condition were given away to other noble courts in Europe. Meanwhile, the film meets Larry Gomez, a Mexican-American actor who lives with the same condition today, which science can now explain but cannot «cure». Will he too find someone to share his life? «Gonsalvus - The Real Beauty and the Beast», like the 18th-century fairy-tale, is the archetypal story of how ignorance and cruelty can only be overcome by love.
Genghis Khan - Rider of the Apocalypse
Genghis Khan, ruthless leader of the Mongols and sovereign over the vastest empire ever ruled by a single man, was both god and devil - not just in the Middle Ages, but for centuries to come. Luxurious historical reconstructions, cleverly enhanced with state-of-the-art CGI and compos iting techniques, make up the flesh of this program. The bone will be serious, yet exciting sci ence - not only archaeology at scenic ancient sites but also the tracing of living modern remnants of the ancient Mongol culture.
First On Mount Everest
In 1953, Edmund Hillary was the first person to conquer Mount Everest, the world's highest mountain. At least, that's what the history books tell us. But German researcher Jochen Hemmle casts doubt on this belief. Just below the summit of Mount Everest he and his team discovered the well-preserved body of George Mallory, who in 1924 had made an assault on the peak with his climbing partner Andrew Irvine. Did Mallory stand on the summit 30 years before Hillary? To find an answer to this question, we follow Jochen Hemmle on a second risky search expedition to the roof of the world.
Available in 1 x 50min and 1 x 90min.
Fate of a Jewish Family: The Erdheims in Vienna
One century, one family, one home: The fate of the Jewish Erdheim family has revolved around a single apartment building in Vienna's Gersthof neighbourhood since 1907. The family's roots lie in the historical eastern European region of Galicia, which is now part of Ukraine. The oil boom in the mid-19th century brings wealth and allows the Erdheim family to fulfil its dreams by moving to Vienna, the glittering metropolis of the Fin de Siècle era. However, the First World War and the resulting collapse of the Habsburg Empire bring the city to its knees: famine and unemployment are exacerbated by large numbers of immigrants from the former colonies hoping to establish new lives in Vienna. The Erdheim family is directly affected by the events of the early 20th century: many family members are doctors and treat the victims of the political conflicts and, later, the National Socialist ideology, despite the constant risk of becoming targets themselves. Although they have long cast off the Orthodox Judaism of their ancestors and become members of a middle-class, cosmopolitan section of society, the ever-present threats and insecurity of the era become a central feature of Erdheim family history, a history that still haunts the philosopher and writer Claudia Erdheim, the main protagonist of the film by Katharina Heigl.
Defiance - Three Women and the Vote
In 1910 a small group of women risks everything in the struggle for self-determination, fair wages and the right to vote. They are ridiculed, ostracized, even arrested - but never disheartened. Soon more women - and some men - join them, and by 1919 they have succeeded: Austria and Germany introduce the vote for women. Most European countries will follow later.
It's combined effort by the feminist movements of both countries, and a shared victory. Two different approaches - principle on the one hand, pragmatism on the other - together achieve a single aim: new and better gender relations.
Marking the centenary of the Women's Vote in Germany and Austria, this film traces the long and rocky road to success via the lives of three courageous women who broke with tradition for a better and more equal society.
Clara Zetkin in Germany and Austrian feminist Adelheid Popp are the most famous leader fo the labour movement, while Hildegard Burian - known for her tireless social work in Austria - was born to a liberal middle-class family in Germany.
To achieve women's rights and gender equality, these three pioneers were willing to risk their livelihood and their future, as well a their reputtaions. They're not just heroines we can readily identify with a hundred years on, they're still inspiring women all over the world.
Death at Dawn - The Emperor's Last Battleship
Premuda, June 10th, 1918 6:05 am: The Szent Istvan is sinking. The most modern battleship of the K.u.K. fleet has been hit by two torpedoes on its maiden voyage. A camera team aboard the Tegetthoff was sent out to film the first deployment of the new battleship. The planned scenes of celebration would instead become a one of a kind documentation of a horrific event. Their original footage forms the basis of this documentary, which recreates and analyses the tragedy. Historical reenactments, filmed on historic ships in Rostock and Athens, help define the atmosphere of the film. Using 3D animation and a diving expedition to the wreck of the Szent Istvan off the coast of Croatia, the filmmakers attempt to resolve the last mysteries of the ship's destruction.
Charles V- The Impossible Empire
500 years ago, Spain's19-year-old King Carlos I became the German King of the Romans and was shortly thereafter crowned Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor. His vast power was bought with money borrowed from the Fugger family, the loans secured with gold and silver from the Spanish colonies in America. The new emperor had a grand plan: to unify Europe as a great Christian empire, an «El Dorado» built on a unified faith. In faraway Mexico, Conquistador Hernán Cortés soon declared him «Emperor of the World». But the extermination of the Aztecs and Incas in his name plunged pious Charles into a deep crisis of conscience. His European mission was soon challenged by the Reformation, led by Martin Luther. The film shows Charles V both as a holy warrior and a humanist, with lavishly reenacted scenes and newly rediscovered archival material.
Carnuntum - Metropolis in the Land of the Barbarians
According to accounts by the Roman historian Paterculus, in the year 6 A.D. a Roman army under Tiberius put up its winter camp in the Celtic Noricum.According to accounts by the Roman historian Paterculus, in the year 6 A.D. a Roman army under Tiberius put up its winter camp in the Celtic Noricum. The exact site was called Carnuntum, and it was the moment of birth of a legendary Roman metropolis upon the Danube «in the land of the Barbarians», built as a bastion against invaders from the North.Two thousand years later, this lavish documentary drama by multiaward winning producer Kurt Mündl portrays the history of and life in ancient Carnuntum.
Battle for the Continent - The Rise of the Habsburgs
On 26. August 1278, one of medieval Europe's greatest battles ended the long-running conflict of two powerful dynasties, and determined who would dominate Europe for centuries to come. In a battle between the King of the Germans and the King of Bohemia, Rudolf I of the House of Habsburg and Ottokar II of the Premyslid dynasty, the candidate of compromise was pitched against the continent's most powerful ruler. The victor of the Battle of the March established the foundations for the rise of an unparalleled dynasty that would determine the course of European history for the next six and a half centuries, ruling one of the world's greatest empires: the Habsburgs. «1278 - The Battle for the Continent» traces Rudolf's rise at the original locations. The docudrama examines events from many different perspectives with international experts including prospecting archaeologist Wolfgang Neubauer of Vienna's Ludwig Boltzmann Institute. His high technology re-imagines and re-evaluates the battle - fought between 15,000 mounted warriors - while new research sets events in the context of the brutal politics of the High Middle Ages. The film recounts Rudolf's rivalry with King Ottokar of Bohemia and his rise from princeling of the lands between the Rhine, the Black Forest and Lake Constance to ruler of All the Christians.