Wild Vietnam - Life on the Edge
Vietnam's wildlife made an amazing recovery after decades of war, but now population growth, development and tourism are the threat. Guided by an elderly fisherman, his sketched illustrations and deep experience of the country, our eyes are opened to Vietnam's stunning, surprising animal stories. Part one - The North - visits the world's rarest primate, the white-headed langur, on the famous rock pillars of Ha Long Bay. In mountain rainforests the moss seems to have eyes and monkeys wear glasses, while on the Red River, turtles vibrate, and fish growl! Langurs leap from tree to tree and climb vertical cliffs. Butterflies form dense migrating clouds and pangolins waddle away from poachers, like artichokes on legs. Part two -The South - yelling gibbons mate, lizards fight and fly, 150-kilo sea turtles lay their eggs. Vietnam's elephants, snail-eating snakes, and the cute, furry and poisonous slow loris, all star. Not to mention miniature leopards, flying frogs and the coffee-bean eating, and excreting, palm civet.
Once Upon A Time - Wild Bohemia
A Natural History Fairy Tale - that's the concept behind Michael Schlamberger's new film for UNIVERSUM. The Moravian and Bohemian forests are home to some of Europe's most beloved and mysterious fairy stories. In this new retelling, the King's raven is sent to discover a place where humans and nature live in harmony. Only this can release the Princess from a curse that has turned her into a bison. Castles, dark forests and snow-clad mountains, but also fields, open-cast mines - and even military training areas - reveal the unexpected wildlife of the Czech Republic and play a surprising role in this magical ecological fable.
Charles V- The Impossible Empire
500 years ago, Spain's19-year-old King Carlos I became the German King of the Romans and was shortly thereafter crowned Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor. His vast power was bought with money borrowed from the Fugger family, the loans secured with gold and silver from the Spanish colonies in America. The new emperor had a grand plan: to unify Europe as a great Christian empire, an «El Dorado» built on a unified faith. In faraway Mexico, Conquistador Hernán Cortés soon declared him «Emperor of the World». But the extermination of the Aztecs and Incas in his name plunged pious Charles into a deep crisis of conscience. His European mission was soon challenged by the Reformation, led by Martin Luther. The film shows Charles V both as a holy warrior and a humanist, with lavishly reenacted scenes and newly rediscovered archival material.
Battle for the Continent - The Rise of the Habsburgs
On 26. August 1278, one of medieval Europe's greatest battles ended the long-running conflict of two powerful dynasties, and determined who would dominate Europe for centuries to come. In a battle between the King of the Germans and the King of Bohemia, Rudolf I of the House of Habsburg and Ottokar II of the Premyslid dynasty, the candidate of compromise was pitched against the continent's most powerful ruler. The victor of the Battle of the March established the foundations for the rise of an unparalleled dynasty that would determine the course of European history for the next six and a half centuries, ruling one of the world's greatest empires: the Habsburgs. «1278 - The Battle for the Continent» traces Rudolf's rise at the original locations. The docudrama examines events from many different perspectives with international experts including prospecting archaeologist Wolfgang Neubauer of Vienna's Ludwig Boltzmann Institute. His high technology re-imagines and re-evaluates the battle - fought between 15,000 mounted warriors - while new research sets events in the context of the brutal politics of the High Middle Ages. The film recounts Rudolf's rivalry with King Ottokar of Bohemia and his rise from princeling of the lands between the Rhine, the Black Forest and Lake Constance to ruler of All the Christians.
Victims of the Vikings
The Vikings made history as fearless explorers and conquerors. To this day, they are celebrated as heroes. But is this justified? All the myths and legends about the courage and adventurous spirit of the Vikings seem to have obscured the dark side of their success. For Viking society was determined by human trafficking and slavery. It was this that allowed the Viking world to expand, and to win the reputation and admiration it still holds today. Why did the Vikings hunt humans? Who were their victims? What role did slaves play within their society? What fates awaited their captives? How was the slave trade organized, and how did it develop over time? And what impact did this human trafficking of the Vikings have on the Europe of the Middle Ages? Now, for the first time, a docu-drama seeks out the answers to these questions and illuminates the history of the Vikings and their slaves. The key: the story of the Irish monk Findan, who was enslaved by Viking Warrios together with his sister in the 9th century, as recorded in his own words. It is the foundation for a filmic journey to an age when Norse seafarers established themselves as explorers and - rather lesser-known - as peopletraffickers and slave owners. Archaeological research and scientific analysis accompany this filmic journey into the past, while internationally experts on Viking history explore the significance of slavery in the Viking World.It's time to tell the story of the forgotten ones - the «Victims of the Vikings».
Defiance - Three Women and the Vote
In 1910 a small group of women risks everything in the struggle for self-determination, fair wages and the right to vote. They are ridiculed, ostracized, even arrested - but never disheartened. Soon more women - and some men - join them, and by 1919 they have succeeded: Austria and Germany introduce the vote for women. Most European countries will follow later.
It's combined effort by the feminist movements of both countries, and a shared victory. Two different approaches - principle on the one hand, pragmatism on the other - together achieve a single aim: new and better gender relations.
Marking the centenary of the Women's Vote in Germany and Austria, this film traces the long and rocky road to success via the lives of three courageous women who broke with tradition for a better and more equal society.
Clara Zetkin in Germany and Austrian feminist Adelheid Popp are the most famous leader fo the labour movement, while Hildegard Burian - known for her tireless social work in Austria - was born to a liberal middle-class family in Germany.
To achieve women's rights and gender equality, these three pioneers were willing to risk their livelihood and their future, as well a their reputtaions. They're not just heroines we can readily identify with a hundred years on, they're still inspiring women all over the world.
Wild Way of the Ancient Egyptians
A journey through Life, Death and the sacred wildanimals of the Ancient Egyptians. Of all the ancientcivilizations, Egypt was the most closely alignedwith the natural world. The sanctity of nature wasparamount - their entire pantheon of gods wasdominated by falcon, jackal, lion, crocodile, hippo,serpent, cat and monkey. The natural world wasloved, feared and above all respected by the ancientEgyptians. Maybe because their lives were so dominatedby the annual Nile floods that turned theirarid river valley into rich pastures, meadows andfarmland. This sequel to Maramedia's spectacularWild Way of the Vikings travels from the Cataractson the edge of the Nubian Desert, all the way northto the lands of the Nile delta, exploring the naturalworld and sacred sites just as the Egyptians wouldhave done 5,000 years ago.
Lake Tanganyika - Africa's Blue Heart
Africa's second biggest and deepest lake, created by the colossal primeval volcanic forces of the Great Rift Valley, is an astonishing source of life - not only for its 300-plus vastly different species of cichlids that evolved from just two ancestors, but even more because it is bordered by iconic African habitats: the savanna, and the rainforests with their world famous (and water-shy) chimpanzee troops, that are now showing a remarkably evolving culture. Here, elephants swim, hippos run underwater and antelopes dive to hide from predators, only their nostrils peeping above the water. Bands of baboons patrol some beaches - while others are ruled by crocodiles. And the people share this beautiful place, almost inaccessible from outside, with the wildlife. For here, uncontrolled economic development has not destroyed sustainable lifestyles. In and around Lake Tanganyika it's Africa's evolutionary energy that runs free.
Qatar - Wildlife Secrets of the Pearl Peninsula
The venue for the 2022 World Soccer Championships is a place where the desert floor glistens brighter than the stars in the crystal-clear night sky; where the same desert blooms in green and rainbow colours during the life-giving rainy season; barn owls hunt in the dawn glow and foxes - their unrealistically big ears acting both as air-conditioners and direction-finders - stalk prey in the morning sun. Majestically horned oryx, the national icons, stand white and statuesque in the shimmering midday heat; while at night horned vipers duel with leaping jerboas and dangerous long-eared hedgehogs. In the Gulf, human pearl divers dive for oysters, while whale sharks, the world's biggest fish, vacuum up tiny tuna eggs in their tens of thousands. Dugongs and turtles feed in the seagrass, and bats and birds: flamingoes, black-winged stilts, hoopoes, chiffchaffs and shrikes - complete the picture. Many of these animals have adapted to survive at 50 degrees Celsius. But with global warming, they could all be at risk.
Transylvania's Wild Side
Beyond the sinister mythology of Dracula's crumbling castles, there's something extraordinary about this corner of Romania. Shielded by the arc of the Carpathian Mountains, it is one of Europe's last true wildernesses. Forests unchanged since the Middle Ages are home to the world's biggest wolf packs, sanctuary to magnificent lynx and European brown bear. Abandoned medieval villages are resettled by elegant storks, the mythical childbringers of old, while families of mouse-eared bats struggle to raise their fragile young within the ruins of a 500-year-old church.
Like its prizewinning predecessors (Vanishing Kings I & II - Namibia's desert lions), Leopard Legacy, filmed over three years in Zambia, is simply the greatest in-depth account of a leopard's life ever filmed. Will & Lianne Steenkamp live among their subjects until they become invisible, and so capture never-before seen behaviour and ceaseless drama. Each season - dry and rainy - brings new challenges for leopardess Fumukasi. After her daughter disappears in the wet season, Fumukasi unexpectedly bears twins. The fates of Fumukasi and her offspring power this story in a wild savanna and forest landscape shared with antelopes, baboons, hyenas and marauding males of her own species, where danger is never far away.
Fate of a Jewish Family: The Erdheims in Vienna
One century, one family, one home: The fate of the Jewish Erdheim family has revolved around a single apartment building in Vienna's Gersthof neighbourhood since 1907. The family's roots lie in the historical eastern European region of Galicia, which is now part of Ukraine. The oil boom in the mid-19th century brings wealth and allows the Erdheim family to fulfil its dreams by moving to Vienna, the glittering metropolis of the Fin de Siècle era. However, the First World War and the resulting collapse of the Habsburg Empire bring the city to its knees: famine and unemployment are exacerbated by large numbers of immigrants from the former colonies hoping to establish new lives in Vienna. The Erdheim family is directly affected by the events of the early 20th century: many family members are doctors and treat the victims of the political conflicts and, later, the National Socialist ideology, despite the constant risk of becoming targets themselves. Although they have long cast off the Orthodox Judaism of their ancestors and become members of a middle-class, cosmopolitan section of society, the ever-present threats and insecurity of the era become a central feature of Erdheim family history, a history that still haunts the philosopher and writer Claudia Erdheim, the main protagonist of the film by Katharina Heigl.
Passion and Power - Queen Victoria's Secrets
Victoria - the iconic Queen of England turns 200!
Seefeld - Tyrolean Wonderland
Part I: The Realm of the Peregrine Falcon
Part II: Mountains, Miracles and Medals
Seefeld is the heart of Tyrol, surrounded by the wildest and most beautiful Alpine peaks. The diversity of the landscape is breathtaking, encompassing primeval forests, rushing rivers, rocky peaks, pastures and waterfalls. While tawny owls and three-toed woodpeckers inhabit the forests, the higher elevations are home to ibex, chamois and the fastest predator on earth, the peregrine falcon.
Part I of the documentary captures the wildlife in this magical mountain world in spectacular pictures and follows the peregrine falcon over a year -showing the aerial predator's fascinating life in and around the highest peaks of the Karwendel. As well as the natural jewels of the region's landscapes, Seefeld in Tyrol has a fascinating, complex historical relationship with its German neighbour, Bavaria.
Part II of the documentary examines this relationship and Seefeld's rise from a small village on an important Roman road to a major venue for winter sports and international tourism.
Greece - The Wild Side
Part I: The View From The Gods
Part II: Surrounded By Blue
Greece is a land of unique contrasts, craggy mountains and lush forests, with wild animals that have disappeared from the rest of Europe, enjoying archaic relationships - and seemingly the special powers of Greek Gods!
Part I takes us to isolated places like the Vikos Gorge - Europe's Grand Canyon - where western rock nuthatches make perfect bottle-shaped nests out of the insects they catch! Beneath the sky-high Meteora monasteries two male Egyptian vultures fight over the last female; while down below the extraordinary Sheltopusek, a bizarre legless lizard, hunts exotic insects.
Part II Chameleons on land, cuttlefish in the water: the astonishing colour-changing heroes of the Greek Islands with their startling hunting, mating and reproduction strategies. Add the snakes that snatch migrating birds stopping for a drink and a rest, and the valley in Rhodes where butterflies coat the rocks and trees, and lizards hoover them up ...
Big Bend - America's Wildest Frontier
The world's most talked-about frontier is a vast wonderland of serene beauty and epic desert landscapes - home to some of America'a most glorious wildlife. Big Bend National Park boasts more species of birds, butterflies, bats, reptiles, cacti, ants and scorpions than any other US National Park. The soaring Chisos Mountains are sky-islands for survivors at the extreme edge of their range, seeking respite on their long migrations. In America's true frontier land, horizons never end and stars blaze as they have for eons; mountain lion and black bear roam, bats stalk the desert floor at night, seeking out of all things - scorpions! It's the wild west of our cartoons and movie dream-worlds, home to coyote, rattlesnake and roadrunner. The film explores Big Bend throughout a year, seeking out all its secret places and wild creatures.
Secret India - The Real Jungle Book
Akela the wolf, Shere Khan the tiger, Baloo the sloth bear, Hati the elephant, the langurs of the Bandar Log, and Bagheera the wise black panther prowled the forest of Rudyard Kipling's imagination - ancestors to the animals of today's India. Wolves still hunt in the arid flatlands, tigers slink through the diminishing forests, elephants tread hereditary trails as pythons lie in wait and panthers stalk their prey: through the great passage of the seasons, culminating in the all-powerful Monsoon. Kipling created a 'Law of the Jungle'which all animals must obey, or die. In essence: the survival of the fittest. That law prevails today. And Mowgli, the orphaned boy brought up by wolves? He grew up to become a herdsman; Indian herdsmen still respect and revere the wolves that other cultures fear and hate. Deep in the shaded forests, this film discovers truths behind stories that have delighted generations.
Sardinia - Horses in the Storm
Hundreds of horses run wild on Sardinia's harsh, rocky Giara plateau. Abandoned after 4,000 years providing the Mediterranean island's transport and power, they survive in the harshest conditions. Almost from birth the foals gallop fearlessly across the treacherously rocky terrain. Spring rainfall creates a network of small lakes that support water-snakes, amphibians, leeches, ancient crustaceans - and the water-plants that are the horses' favourite diet. But the burning summer turns the lakes to dust and food all but disappears, triggering territorial conflict, and testing equine intelligence: where can grass be found? Nero, the Old King and Dirty Boy are the charismatic characters vying with each other and with their neighbours for dominance, territory and mating rights in this moving, poetic and stunningly photographed story.
Colombia - Wild and Free
Part I: Empire of the Great Rivers: Amazon and Orinoco
Part II: From the Andes to the Pacific
With peace after decades of violent rebellion, Colombia can at last reveal its natural glories: snowcapped mountains and glaciers, rainforests, mysterious tepui table mountains, thundering waterfalls, swamps, lonely coasts -and a dizzying variety of wildlife.
Part I The Amazon jungle has giant otters, harpy eagles and hidden tribes; the plains, swamps and forests of the Orinoco host the South American Big Five: jaguar, capybara, Orinoco crocodile, giant anteater and anaconda.
Part II High-altitude moors, glaciers, volcanoes; and forests with ocelots and glittering hummingbirds. Raccoon- like coatis live at ground level, climbing into trees to mate and give birth. Coastal forests fringe vital turtle-breeding beaches. Silky and hammerhead shark, whale shark and tuna patrol the waters lapping the cliffs of the island of Malpelo.
Malika - Leopard Huntress
Leopardess Malika, in Zambia's Luangwa Valley, needs all her cunning and ingenuity to survive the dry season and protect her cub against her mortal enemies: a resident male leopard and a pitiless hyena clan. Her desperation inspires ingenious new ambush techniques, by day and night. At first there is only frustration, but with each success her confidence slowly builds, until she has the courage to face down her enemies and regain her former dominance.
The World in an Eggshell
Eggs turn into birds, insects, fish, reptiles or arthropods. Mostly we think of them as a static stage of developmenton the way to the real action. So this is probably the firstnature documentary entirely devoted to the subject. Written and directed by Astrid Miller, maker of «Wild Boar - The Comeback», «The World in an Eggshell» countersdecades of neglect, amusingly, movingly and suspensefully revealing this true wonder of creation, in all its ovoid glory.
Mit der neunteiligen Reihe »Unser Österreich« dokumentiert »Universum History« erstmals die Geschichte der Bundesländer. Anhand von neun Familien werden historische Wendepunkte, persönliche Schlüsselerlebnisse und die Auseinandersetzung mit Tradition und Veränderung thematisiert.
Vanishing Kings II - The Musketeer's Legacy
In the ancient Namib Desert, a young adult male lion wakes up on a desolate plain, far away from home. He is desperate to find his four brothers, who went missing a few days ago. Wandering through the desert all alone, he has just started the journey of a lifetime. Will he find his brothers? Will they reunite? - Part II of the story of the «Five Musketeers» follows them on their dangerous first steps into adulthood.
Maria Theresa - Europe's Mother-in-Law
The Empress arranged her children's marriages to make peace with France, Spain, Parma and Naples. One of these children was Marie Antoinette, who married Louis XVI of France before they were both decapitated. Needless to say, these marriages were largely unsuccessful. Watch as Maria Theresia struggled to balance dynastic responsibility and motherly love.
Stars and Stripes
Why is a baby deer born with white spots -and why do they disappear as it grows? Why is a young wild boar striped? What makes the stripes fade with age? And why is a goshawk spotted when it's young, and striped when it's older? «Somatolysis» is the answer. This ancient Greek expression means «dissolution of the body»: by changing its shape and contour. For many animals it's the key to survival in the critical first days and weeks. It works like a magic cloak, that makes hatchlings and youngsters virtually invisible. A female deer leaves her fawn unattended for hours. It's not strong enough to follow her, but she needs to graze to produce milk to feed it. The fawn's only hope is to be invisible. Maybe bright white spots aren't such a bad idea in a meadow full of daisies...
Mysteries of the Stone Age
They seem to have come from another world: circles and buildings made of gigantic stones. The most famous are Stonehenge in Britain and Carnac in France. But these megaliths from the Stone Age - 5,000 years BCE - are found all round the world, as recent discoveries show. There appears to be a network of sites from the north of Scotland to the Mediterranean (Malta alone has around 30 temples) to the Far East - with gigantic graves in Korea. It's still not clear how ancient civilizations managed to create these fantastic stone structures. How did they lift the huge blocks into place? And what can we learn about those societies? What were the turning points in their history? Was there a secret connection between the cultures that built the megalith circles? New studies and the latest international research reveal fresh clues to the biggest mysteries of the Stone Age.
Through a Raven's Eye
The Common Raven is the largest, cleverest and bravest European corvid - brave enough to makeits home in the harsh landscape of the 'TotesGebirge'- the 'Dead Mountains'. This barren limestone plateau at 2,500 meters soaks up rainwater,leaving the peaks bone-dry. Further down, the precipitation creates a paradise of turquoise lakes, pristine springs, moss-covered forests and mysterious moors. The temporary karst springs bring further specialist behaviour: landlocked Danube bleak make short and spectacular migrations to their spawning grounds, and wallcreepers scurry up anddown steep cliffs, looking for larvae; while chamois,ptarmigans and mountain hares eke out a living amongst the jagged rocks. Gliding on silent wings through this landscape of contrasts, the raven takes us on a tour of his realm: this forbidding limestone massif may appear dead - but through the raven's eyes it's anything but!
Bears of the Karawank Mountains
The Bears are back! After virtually disappearing in the 20th Century, in the 21st the quiet giants are returning, padding once again through the mountain forests of central Europe, where Italy, Austria and Slovenia meet.
The fall of the Iron Curtain removed the barriers for Slovenian and Croatian brown bears. Ambling west through gentle forest countryside they encountered two major obstacles: the Karawank Mountains and the Julian Alps. This film tells what happens through the year as inquisitive and intelligent bears cross these huge natural barriers in search of a new life in untouched wilderness - or ever closer to civilization. For bears eat many of the same things we humans like, and their refined senses and honed instincts help them find it! The film opens our eyes to bear habits and to their enormous power. We humans have always been drawn to bears; always approaching them with fascination, and with just a small dose of fear.
Kestrels at Close Quarters
The drama of life is unpredictable - that's true for wild animals just as for humans. Kestrels have learned to live close to man; they even raise their hatchlings in our cities. This is the story of two kestrel couples bringing up their chicks in the same neighbourhood in the center of Vienna. While destiny rewards one breeding pair with success, the other kestrels face a more brutal fate: they have chosen an unsuitable location to brood and raise their hatchlings. With unflinching observation this film celebrates the family lives of Kestrels, their needs and efforts when breeding, and the life that follows a successful brood. Once the fledglings have learned to fly, parents and offspring face a vital decision: stay in Europe over the winter or head off to southern climes with abundant prey? Whatever they decide, another unpredictable drama of life beckons.
Cuba's Wild Revolution
Cuba has some of the richest wildlife in the Caribbean: 3,700 km of pristine coastline, mountain ranges still draped in primeval forest, swamps teeming with moisture-loving creatures - and much of it thrives because of Cuba's revolution. Decades of socialist government, U.S. embargoes and minimal development have left the island virtually unchanged.
This film will feature Cuba's wildlife where it meets the island's colonial and revolutionary past, and present: from the clouds of vultures riding the updrafts around Havana's legendary 'Habana Libre' hotel to the Cuban boa constrictors making their homes in the deserted mansions of long-gone sugar barons, to the coral-smothered cannon of wrecked Spanish galleons. Neighbors from Haiti to Jamaica may have flushed their natural wealth into the sea; Cuba sits like a green jewel in azure Caribbean waters, pulsing with life.
Portugal - Wild Land on the Edge
When Portugal was a great power linking the Old and New Worlds, wild mountain horses small enough for cramped ocean-going ships were captured and exported to gold-greedy Conquistadores. Now Portugal´s Algarve sea-horses are threatened by the excesses of tourism: plunging anchors, noisy jet-skis, illegal fishing. Portugal's 20th Century dictator Salazar imported inflammable eucalyptus trees for the timber industry, that caused devastating fires. But today hundreds of white storks still nest in Portugal's ancient, fire-proof cork oaks; while others nest on the cliffs and rock pillars of the Atlantic coast, battered by the world´s biggest waves. Endangered Mediterranean monk seals are rebuilding their numbers off Desertas Island, a rocky outcrop dominated by Europe´s largest wolf spider. With climate change massive flocks of Flamingos set up winter camp in the Tejo Delta at the gates of Lisbon, instead of migrating to Africa. Portugal: still a departure point for great adventures and a welcome home -- balanced on the threshold between land and sea.
Wild Way of the Vikings
The world of the Vikings was a world of ice and flames. A world of epic exploration, adventure and discovery. Connected to Nature in a profound way, the Vikings were the first to experience the fabulous wildlife of the Islands of Fire and Ice - Shetland, Iceland, Greenland and beyond.
This unique documentary combines never before filmed animal behaviour with a spell-binding historical narrative, drawn from the very sagas created by the Vikings 1,000 years ago. From killer whales hunting seals to arctic fox clans struggling to feed huge and hungry families. From the wily raven to the noble gyr falcon; walrus haul-outs in the sub-Arctic and vast herds of migrating reindeer, all filmed in 4K splendour. This is the Wild Way of the Vikings
Wild Austria - Created by Water
Part 1: White Water, Blue Water
Part 2: The Flow of Time
Austria's Alpine glaciers, ancient seas and mighty rivers have carved out giant mountains, caves and lakes - key to its wildlife today. Eagles, ibex, marmots and deer are iconic, but there are other, stranger creatures: Goosander ducks breed in hollows high in trees. Just a day old, long before they can fly, the newly-hatched ducklings must leap up to ten meters to join their mother in the brook below. Through glacier melt, via waterfalls,streams and lakes, water finds its way downstream, creating habitats for lynx, wolves and foxes, but also owls, bats, frogs, dragonflies and water birds. They all find their home in Austria's unforgettable landscapes, created by water's endless cycle and ever-changing forms.
Austria's world-famous bird sanctuary, Lake Neusiedl, has its secrets. Hiding in the reeds, the cuckoo conceals his intentions well, fooling some birds - but not all - into bringing up its demanding and murderous offspring. Austria - Created by Water melds overwhelming spectacle with minature high drama in a portrait of a country where water in all its forms brings beauty - and life.
The Woman who Knew Too Much: A Cold Case from the Cold War
Brilliant young Austrian economist Margarethe Ottillinger was arrested on 5th November 1948, crossing a bridge between the Soviet and American zones in post-war Vienna. It was a classic Cold War kidnapping. Ottilinger had been researching the Soviet exploitation of Austrian industry, but even after her release from a Russian prison seven years later, she never learned the official reason for her detention and torture. The rumour persisted that she was sacrificed by her boss and lover, the Austrian economics minister Peter Krauland. He had a Nazi past and there was evidence of a complicated web of corruption and political conspiracy. Using latest revelations from Russian and Austrian archives, this film turns a tragic personal story into an iconic account of Cold War deceit and skullduggery.
Luis Trenker - Hitler's Mountain Hero
Luis Trenker is a legend. Best known internationally for his mountain films with then actress Leni Riefenstahl ("The White Hell of Piz Pallü"), he had a controversial movie career under the Nazis and was championed by Italian Fascists, before being reborn after the War telling stories of his life on German television. This documentary shows the highs and lows of a long life, the delicate balance between Hitler and Mussolini, adaptation and resistance, box office success and cinematic art. Was he a Nazi collaborator or opposed to the Regime? Or simply an amoral survivor who never ceased moulding his own image?
A Walk on the Wild Side - The Vienna Prater
Vienna's Prater, an expanse of woodland at the heart of one of the world's great cities, was created by the Danube, and shaped by humans over the centuries. Today it is still a remarkable natural oasis. On warm summer days Viennese and tourists flock to the Prater in their thousands. The iconic Big Wheel offers spectacular views of Vienna's urban and wild sides, but few get to see the hidden dramas all around them - the beavers, badgers, roe deer and giant butterflies that take over as soon as the people have left. This film rediscovers the secret residents and surprising wildlife of Europe's oldest pleasure gardens. Specially developed remote cameras with infrared lighting reveal the everyday (or rather night-) life of a badger family, without disturbing these shy nocturnal burrowers.
By making a little space in our gardens we can provide vital habitats for a large number of wild animals and plants. Garden wetlands, dry stone walls, hedgerows and flower meadows can be homes for useful and attractive visitors. Sometimes one small step leads to a great change. To help endangered butterflies, for example, it can be enough to plant certain flowers in the garden. A barely-tended garden is the backdrop for natural growth and decay over the seasons. Macro and micro timelapse tracks and slow motion provide an insight into fascinating flora and fauna. This documentary follows biological cycles through the year to show how gardens can be a permanent food source and refuge for wildlife.
The Secret Life of Snakes
They are among the most hated und feared animals on the planet - only few people recognize their beauty. This documentary features some of Europe's most stunning species, like the European adder, the nose-horned viper, the dice snake, the ringed snake and the Aesculapian snake. After a winter safe in burrows, sometimes in bundles of hundreds, the spring's warmth brings them back to life. Adders at 2,000 metres in the Alps have extra survival skills: they are almost pitch-black to absorb every last ray from the sun, and their offspring are born alive - it would be too cold for eggs. Storks and herons, martens and polecats predate their lower altitude cousins. Most snakes avoid humans. The Aesculapian snake likes to shimmy up trees to catch birds, but it's happiest where humans store grain or dump waste - that attracts lots of mice. And Europe has its own constrictor! So watch out next time you're walking in the park ...
Giants of the Atlantic - Azores
A gigantic underwater mountain range rises in mid-Atlantic. Just a few peaks near the surface, while nine reach still higher and form a row of green gems: the islands of the Azores. These volcanic rocks, the last toehold between Europe and America, are of extraordinary beauty. The steep shelf of the Azores is a play and mating ground for several whale species. Here, groups of male sperm whales on their endless migration from the Arctic to the Antarctic, meet females. Humpback whales and fin whales breach -and blue whales come here too, to feed on the vast biomass produced in the ocean's depths. Drifting up from the deep, plankton and krill attract huge schools of fish and squid. Portuguese Men O'War drift threateningly on the surface, while undersea caves host cannibalistic shrimps, manta rays and moray eels. On the islands, the volcanoes' grassy craters are a winter home for songbirds from Iceland, Russia and North America, while their craggy outer walls form nests for vast colonies of Cory's Shearwaters.
High Life at Low Temperatures
The summits and sheer mountain ridges of Austria's 'Little Siberia' funnel the freezing air from snow-covered peaks into a gigantic hollow - a high-level plateauat 1,000 metres from which it cannot escape: Lungau is Austria's coldest region. Creeks andstreams start higher here, and create bogs, moors and countless alpine lakes. Summer is short but lively, as eagles rear their precious young and ermines eat their fill before the sparse winter returns, while black alpine salamanders give birth to live miniature versions of themselves beneath the tree-line.
Wild Caribbean - Rhythms of Life
Part I: Hunters
Part II: Whales and Volcanoes
Part III: Corals and Quetzals
Part I Spectacular action in paradise. From the opening sequence of a sea turtle snared by a tiger shark it's clear that no animal, Hunter or Hunted - above or below the water - can make it through life without a strategy for survival.
Part II When volcanoes burst from the ocean, they attract unique life forms to their steep jungle valleys and black sandy beaches - and create deep sea chasms that pods of sperm whales enjoy so much, they never leave.
Part III Caribbean coral coasts and islands, formed out of living and once-living creatures, are now a labyrinth of life. Every year in a stunning synchronized display of coral spawning, the «flower animals» re-colonise the reefs. Inland, Caribbean cloud forests with their legendary Quetzals are just as magical, but the suffocating sediment run-off from deforestation is now the corals' biggest challenge.
Secrets of Squirrels
Everybody loves squirrels, and yet we only know them from their brief visits to ground level. Now, extraordinary HD storytelling shows them in their own environment: high up in the treetops. This documentary examines their intelligence and explores the deadly struggle for dominance between the two main species. The cute and cuddly russet acrobats are so clever they're drawing increased attention from scientists. Indeed, as they face extinction, they now depend on these scientists fortheir survival. Grey squirrels from North America are spreading fast across Europe, displacing the native red squirrel. This documentary charts both their lovable antics and the life-and-death struggle for survival of an animal that still has plenty of secrets to reveal. It observes a family of red squirrels over the course of a year, as they mate, care for their young, and battle for food and against predators.
Russia's Wild Sea
Part I: Only the Thoughest
Part II: Tides of Plenty
The Sea of Okhotsk lies between the Kamchatka Peninsula and the Japanese island of Hokkaido: the last and greatest unspoiled ocean on Earth. It can be harsh and unforgiving; temperatures drop to -40 degrees, typhoons and tsunamis lash the shores. But it's also a wildlife paradise where animals grow bigger, stronger and more numerous than anywhere else. Its iconic animals are giant brown bears, the world's biggest sea eagles and the acrobatic spotted seals. Grizzlies here don't all hibernate; some dip into the thermal baths and geysers left by the world's most active volcanoes. The few human inhabitants are held by the glory of the natural spectacles, including the world's largest seabird colonies, orca pods and humpback whales.
Like any young boy Peter Praschag loved animals and wanted a pet, but not a cat or a dog. His passion was for cold-blooded reptiles: turtles. Today he is a world expert on freshwater turtles and a leading conservationist. One species especially has become an obsession. Not only is it the largest freshwater turtle on the planet, it is also probably the rarest animal on Earth. Only three Yangtze Softshell Giant turtles are positively known to exist: a male and a female in China and a third in a lake in Vietnam. With assistance from other experts Peter hopes to capture that last wild individual, and thereby save the species from extinction! The film visits India and Bangladesh too, showing Peter safeguarding astonishingly varied examples of the oldest and most endangered vertebrates on Earth.
This stunning metropolis has a flavor of two continents - Asia and Europe, divided and connected by the Bosphorus straits, where the salty waters of the Sea of Marmara mix with the currents of the Black Sea. Although the Bosporus is one of the world's busiest shipping routes, it is still a home to three species of dolphins - reminiscent of the sagas of the ancient world. Living relics of antiquity are everywhere in Istanbul: for example, the martens were imported by Egyptian traders to protect their sacks of seeds from rats and mice.
For migrating birds, Istanbul is a toehold as they head north for the European spring. But some animals have come to stay: wild wolves, invading from the east, mate with wild dogs. It continues to happen today the way it has done for generations, to the extent that some scientists now speak of a new species: the woolfdog.
Lost City of the Gladiators
The gladiator school at Carnuntum, Roman city onthe Danube, turned slaves, prisoners, and also volunteerslike our hero Atticus into skilled and brutalentertainers who could be re-exported throughoutthe Empire. Precision, speed and spectacular techniquemade them true sports stars, kept in peakcondition by their vegetarian diet and rigoroustraining. Gladiators earned well and paid privatevisits to wealthy women admirers. But a moment'sloss of concentration in the arena was lethal, andeven in death, the loser must show no Emotion.
Gentle Giant - Otter's Paradise in Capercaillie County
Compared to its fellow Alpine summits, the Oetscher is not very high: in fact, less than 2,000 meters. But among the gentle slopes of western Lower Austria, it really is a giant, with shoulders broad enough to bear the last of the Alps'virgin forests. It has the country's coldest plateau where temperatures fall to -50 degrees, the oldest trees in all of Austria, and its very own Grand Canyon, the «Tormauer». In making access difficult for human settlers, the gentle giant has succeeded in protecting its primary fauna. The capercaillie -rare in other parts of Europe -still make their home in the coniferous forests, while snow grouse roam above the tree-line. Hawks lie in wait, and otters hunt in the brooks. Even the brown bear has found refuge on the Oetscher's Mountainsides.
The Dolomites - In the Heroes' Garden
Untamed wilderness surrounds the distinctive rock towers, stroked by the golden glimmer of sunset: this gorgeous scene could only be in the Dolomites. It's a place for myths and fairy tales, and there's no shortage of them here. But among the crags and hidden in the shady creeks, wildlife creates new stories and fables day by day. Take the lonesome wolf that roamed up from the Appenines in search of a mate - and finds her here. Or the red fox we find carelessly at ease in every habitat: forest, bare rock, meadows, abandoned huts, even snow and ice; few animals are so adaptable. And among the rocks is a more specialized and even more skillful climber - the chamois. Contemplating the Dolomites' wildlife seems to give this region a new shape, a new spirit - and helps us understand some of the region's immortal legends.
Wilderness on the Water - Lake Constance
No other European destination has as many incoming and out-going «flights» as Lake Constance: it's the main hub for migratory birds in Western Europe. Over 300 different species pass through every year: that's more than a quarter of a million birds. Lake Constance is so large that, standing on one shore, the Earth's curvature prevents you seeing the opposite bank. This body of water is large enough to influence the region's climate, and the soil round about is so fertile it creates its own ecosystem. Red-crested pochards, whooper swans, alpine swifts - and raccoons: the lake is home to a myriad of species. This film explores the secrets above and below the waterline and on the shores of this lake linking Austria, Germany and Switzerland, with no borders in between.
Waterland Warriors - The Beavers are back
The Blue Danube is Vienna's lifeline - and a lifeline for beavers making a comeback after their extermination in the last century. The film follows a young beaver setting off in search of his own territory. As babbling meadow brooks are channeled into concrete tunnels he finds himself right in the center of Vienna. If he can make it through the city, paradise awaits upstream. Meter-high reeds, meandering side-channels and unlimited food await our beaver - and, who knows, maybe a young female too. On the way he encounters many surprising creatures that live in this metropolis. Who would have expected turtles, colourful amphibians and fish, butterflies whose caterpillars develop underwater, and water spiders living their entire life without ever coming to the surface? Spectacular sub-aqua macro-photography reveals an unsuspected universe on our doorstep.
Vanishing Kings - Lions of the Namib
A lioness and her daughters hold the key to the survival of Namibia's rare desert lions: two years ago they gave birth to five male cubs, and through the hardships of the desert and without a pride male, they are raising them to independence, showing them how to hunt both the smallest and the largest prey - including even giraffes. When the elderly matriarch dies her two daughters must finish the education of the five sons before they grow too big to be fed. Filming over more than two years, we see the secret lives of desertlions as they roam the rugged mountains, majestic sand dunes, gravel plains, scrublands, and even the beaches of the Skeleton Coast.
Europe's Last Nomads
A spectacular ancient tradition is being revived right across Europe: herdsmen leading flocks across the continent through the most savage and extreme landscapes. From Spain's legendary La Manchaplains, the last cowboys of this continent and their cattle migrate into the green highlands of Cuenca. In Romania sheep climb the Carpathian Mountains, all the way to the Ukrainian border, constantly under threat from wolves. On a Welsh island, migrating sheep even generate a habitat for rare birds.
Engadin - Switzerland's Wilderness
A hundred years ago a group of Swiss champions of Nature created Engadin National Park, the Alps' very first wildlife reserve. Human interference ceased: and that meant no more rescue campaigns either, like the secret smuggling of Ibexes over the pass from Italy just a few years before. Nature is now as free here as the glacier waters that nourish it. Here a drop can decide where it wants to go: east to the Inn, the Danube and Black Sea; north to the Rhine and the North Sea; or south to the Adriatic and the Mediterranean. Now, after a century, a new balance has established itself in this Alpine wonderland. The Ibex thrive, the bearded vulture is back in force, and even large predators - lynx, wolves and bears - are beginning to reclaim their old hunting grounds. This documentary follows in their tracks to celebrate a spectacular pioneering story of nature preservation.
Forest of Fantasies
On Christmas Eve, they say, the animals can talk. Peter Rosegger, one of Austria's greatest writers, turned this legend into a magical short story about his own childhood in Styria's Alpine uplands. It's one of Austria's most fascinating landscapes: deep, dark forests flanked by steep mountain ridges, gentle meadows reaching up to exposed summits:
in limitless shades of just one color: green. Trudging through the snow to join his family for the Christmas Eve service in the valley below, tenyear-old Peter comes face to face with a young fawn in the twilight, and wonders what it could tell about growing up in the forest, with the other animals, through the seasons. This film captures the essence of Rosegger's story and the subtle and dramatic changes of the Styrian forest throughout the year.
Maximilian of Mexico - The Dream of Empire
Since childhood, Archduke Maximilian, brother of Emperor Franz Joseph I., has wished for nothing more than to emerge from his sibling's shadow. His dream finally comes true when he becomes Emperor of Mexico. However, the dream unexpectedly and rapidly becomes a nightmare: Maximilian believes he is welcome in Mexico, but the opposite is true. He is finally captured by his adversary, Benito Juarez, and sentenced to death. Maximilian's dreams of becoming a glorious ruler die with him, cut down by a firing squad. To mark the 150th anniversary of Maximilian's ascent to the throne in 1874, this docudrama examines the fate of the contradictory and complex Habsburg prince, and investigates the circumstances that led to his tragic failure.
Lionsrock - Return of the King
In South Africa a unique wildlife reserve was established around Lionsrock with the aim of returning lions to the land of their ancestors. Most are refugees from rundown European zoos or circuses, removed to dilapidated holding pens like the Pantera big cats' asylum in the Netherlands. From here a rescued lion family are sedated and air-freighted to a pristine savanna landscape, where they can at last be released into their natural environment. This heartwarming and joyful portrait of Lionsrock with its dedicated team also features ostriches, weaver birds, ground squirrels and other African wildlife, sharing the habitat where the lions' ancestors thrived. And for the first time on TV this film shows lion dentistry - root canal treatment on Kongo, a majestic male!
Who would have thought Venice has its own beautifulreefs? The Tegnùe, located on the east end of theLagoon, contain an astonishing diversity of life, fromsponges and sea anemones to scribbled pipefishand flashing squid. Like all the other amazing wildlife,the Tegnùe have been influenced, perhaps created,by centuries of human geo-engineering. The GrandCanal itself is actually the mouth of the river Brenta,descending 200 kilometers from the Alps! TheLagoon is a hot-spot for exotic birds heading northin spring - year after year more than 60 speciesstop at the Lagoon, their first feeding groundafter crossing the Mediterranean. Venice's fabuloushidden gardens are hiding-places for pine-martensand geckos, while kestrels use abandoned monasteriesto breed, and launch hunting expeditions.In magnificent, atmospheric 4K photography, thisfilm reveals the unexpected natural glories of theworld's most beautiful man-made environment.
On a River in Ireland
The Shannon is Ireland's greatest geographical landmark and the longest river in these islands. For 340 kilometers the river carves its way south through the heart of the country almost splitting Ireland intwo. It is both a barrier and highway - a silver ribbon holding back the rugged landscapes of the westfrom the gentler plains to the east. On its journey, the Shannon passes through a huge palette of rural landscapes.
On little known backwaters, Ireland's wild animalsand plants still thrive as almost nowhere else. «On a River in Ireland» offers a remarkable portrait ofIreland's greatest geographical feature, using a host of techniques and showing never before filmed Irish sequences and stories.
Expedition through the Reeds - Lake Neusiedl
The blood-red sphere of the sun sinks beneath the horizon, and the calls of waterbirds and raptors cut through the twilight. This is the westernmost point of the Orient, Austria's only steppe lake. Just two meters deep, Lake Neusiedl is surrounded by an immense reed jungle -a world in miniature where humans instantly lose their orientation. Deer thrive among the reeds. Along with acrocephalus warblers and nonagria moths, they find hiding places and plenty of food here. Natural salt ponds, miles-long sandbars and tumbleweed that was exported to the Wild West complete the picture of this unique place.
Africa's Wild West - Stallions of the Namib Desert
In 1918 German and South African war-horses, no longer needed, were released into the bone-dry, burning Namibian desert. How could they survive in one of the world's most beautiful but parched and rugged landscapes? Miraculously, they have held on until today, crossing the desert to find sparse patches of grass, then returning to the single well, built in colonial days. They share it with perfectly adapted oryxes, while marauding spotted hyenas patrol close by. Far inland, in ghost towns long since abandoned by diamond hunters, snakes, chameleons and dew-drinking beetles compete for food among the drifting sands. Along the coast from the abandoned factories hundreds of thousands of seals come ashore to breed, their babies mercilessly hunted by jackals and brown hyenas, while penguins look on, safe on their offshore island.
Triumph of the Tomato
The original Peruvian tomat'l -«swollen fruit»- was yellow and the Conquistadores prized it for its blossom. But in Europe under the Spanish sun its lycopene went wild; rounded and red, it became irresistible. In Austria they still call it the «paradise fruit», and in Italy the «golden apple». This was surely the real forbidden fruit in the world's first seduction! Today's obsession with shape, size and long shelf-life has reduced the once glorious tomato to mushy tastelessness. But the counter-revolution has started!
From tomato grower Erich Stekovics with his 3,200 varieties stored in nylon stockings, to tomato tsarina Irina Zacharias, saved by the red fruit after the fall of Communism. From the pizza that boosted Queen Margarita's sex life to Chinese Tomato King Li Jingfu's 32 new strains, cross-bred to feed his fellow countrymen and Joe Cocker, who serenades the crimson fruit and knows «it's Blues they like best».
This film squeezes inside the tomato - literally - to show how it manages to make itself irresistible. You'll understand why people go crazy at tomato festivals in Spain and Italy - and you may realize you have never, ever tasted a real tomato - yet!
Black Mamba - Kiss of Death
It's spring and the start of the «Silly Season» on the North Coast of Kwazulu Natal - when deadly Black Mambas emerge from their winter slumber and strike fear into the hearts of all who cross their path. This warm, leafy coastal habitat is a perfect Mamba country, and a huge concentration of these silent killers make their home in an area known as «Mamba Valley». Mambas like warm, dark spaces - and there are many of those in human homes. Considering a Mamba's bite has a 100 percent fatality rate, left untreated, it's not surprising humans fear and vilify these snakes - and there's a shoot-to-kill bounty on their heads. From predation to male confrontations, from mating to incubation: surveillance from the lockup records some of the most intriguing and intimate moments of the secret life of the Mamba. Along the way, cinematic dramatizations of actual confrontations between people and Mambas highlight the unpredictable and often fatal consequences of dabbling with Africa's most venomous snake.
Nock - Mountains at Heaven's Door
You might think you were in Ireland, you might sense the vastness of Castile in Spain, but you'd never believe this was the heart of the Austrian Alps: the Nock Mountains are -geologically -Austria's oldest landscape. For a hundred million years, the land around them has risen and fallen, while the mountains themselves hardly changed. The wide open spaces and the wealth of small natural wonders make you believe you're not far from heaven's door: wild rivers, endless woodland, lush mountain meadows, wildflowers and wild animals. A perfect territory, too, for creatures shrouded in mystery: the elusive stone marten, the mystic raven and the inquisitive European adder.
A Valley Lost in Time - Ausseerland
It's a landscape born of ice and rock; beautiful and picturesque, hailed as one of creation's summits. Yet this valley in central Austria has been smashed and broken, crushed and teased, sunk and raised again by nature's forces; a haunt and habitat for both man and animal, offering no easy life to either. Our senses satiated by the stunning peaks, sheer black cliffs and dark blue lakes, we might miss the real sources of life, deep inside the mountains: salt, and water. A source for both, man and animal. A source of wealth, exploitation, anarchy, isolation - and zest for life.
This is a dense world of extremes and contrasts: cold winters weighed down by snow and frequent avalanches, followed by warm, humid summers; and the conflict of powerful, colorful traditions encountering the forces of modernity. Like a storybook, Ausseerland is a highly compressed universe: here proud red deer observe the humans, while people prefer to measure each other up. Meadows full of daffodils -elsewhere a brief reminder of spring - here become the centre of a giant festival that attracts thousands of people, and dollars, to the region. This landscape is shared with wildlife as well. The peaks of the desert-like mountain ranges are the realm of deer and chamois. In the forests wild boar roam, and in the cool mountain lakes, with their secret underground inlets, the char is king, challenged by both the fishermen and by more recent visitors, the elegant black cormorants.
Secrets of Bumblebees
They are chubbier, fuzzier and more leisurely thantheir sisters, the bees. They are a lot less aggressiveand awe-inspiring than their cousins the wasps.Compared to honey bees, these social insects havelong been poorly researched, though they're athome in temperate regions throughout the NorthernHemisphere and South America. A few tropicalspecies form colonies lasting several years, but elsewhereonly the summer's new Queens survive intonext spring. Macro and high-speed cinematographyallow us to witness their behavior, understand theirbiology, experience their unique abilities and leaveus in awe of these droll little harbingers of spring.
Keepers of the Ark - A Life for Animals
The young cheetah carefully marks his new terrain which is full of another an- imal's strange scent. A group of young falcons are nervous: it's their first attempt at flight. Nina, the young keeper of the bats, is excited and sad - it's time to set her young animals free, to fend for them-selves in the woods around Schonbrunn palace. What these animals share is their proximity to humans in a zoo - the world's oldest, Vienna's Schonbrunn Zoo: a centre for animal care, conservation and international breeding programs. This is the story of Schonbrunn's zoo-keepers who devote their lives to the animals,witnessing birth, aging, death and, occasionally, the end of an entire species.
Danube - Europe's Amazon
This comprehensive cinematic portrait of Europe's second-longest river presents scenes of breathtaking beauty along the banks of the Danube and investigates the tension between humans and nature, civilization and wilderness. Dams and power stations alternate with sections of natural wilderness along this mighty river, which flows through great cities such as Vienna and Budapest and untouched natural landscapes like the Danube National Park and the Kopaki Rit. Further south, between the Carpathian mountain range in Romania and the Serbian Ore mountains, the river passes through the Iron Gate, 137 kilometers of gorges that are among the largest in Europe. The mighty river ends in a unique labyrinth of water, mud and reeds - the Danube delta. It is the last remaining major river delta in Europe and the largest reed bed on earth, used by huge colonies of pelicans, cormorants, sea eagles and spoonbills for breeding and nesting.
Part I: From the Black Forest to the Black Sea / Vom Schwarzwald zum Schwarzen Meer
Part II: Forest, Flood and Frost / Zwischen Flut und Frost
Schladming - Magic Mountains
Schladming not only one of Austria's finest ski regions but also its best managed -because it keeps a low profile and makes sure the ski season doesn't dominate the landscape. That means its wildlife is better protected than in most developed areas. Though this region is controlled by humans, it's a hot spot for wild animals -and sometimes even the wolves return to this territory, which once belonged to them.
A palace in a private woodland near the city of Vienna; 25 square miles of lonely beauty designed for a tragic empress. The Lainzer Park was a gift from the Austrian Emperor to his wife, Empress Elisabeth, more than a century ago. In the midst of the forest is a garden whose four-hundred-year old oaks have trunks with diameters greater than four meters. The crowns of the trees are host to more than a thousand insect species, including a hundred kinds of butterflies. This hidden ecosystem reveals a macro world of astonishing variety, beauty and colour in the trees and on the ground, while the film follows the free-roaming deer and wild hogs that live so close to the busy centre of Austria's capital city.
When a female barn-owl's home - an old disused barn - is demolished, she has to seek a new place to live. On the way, flying through forests and across grasslands, she encounters most of the common owl species in Central Europe: long- and short- eared owls, little, tawny and eagle owls, some she can live peace- fully beside, others she must shun or risk becoming their prey. During her journey, the film shows how owls fly so silently and hunt so efficiently. It illustrates what they have meant to humans since ancient times, and how they live beside us today. It explains why they have become - unfairly - associated with death. Our owl finally finds a new home, as the guest of a barn owl family, in time to see the new clutch of young following their mother on their first majestic flight.
Ships of the Desert
Camels are masters of the art of survival. They can go for up to ten months without a drop of water, then drink 200 litres in only 15 minutes, and even digest salt water. Domesticated as beasts of burden they laid the foundations of ancient long-distance trade, with salt and incense caravans regularly crossing the most hostile landscapes in the world. Today, camels are still the most important source of milk, meat, leather, wool, fertilizer and fuel in large parts of Africa and Asia, and for the Bedouins of Arabia. Unsurprisingly Bedouins call the camel Al-Ata Allah, the gift of God. Now medical researchers are exploring the miraculous properties of camels' milk - apparently effective against Alzheimer's and cancer! The film shows camels defying the deadly conditions of the desert with their Bedouin owners; valuable decorated fighting camels, cosseted and pitched against one another in Turkey; Saudi Arabia's unique hi-tech camel clinics; and feral camels in Australia, saved from the cull and coralled for re-export to Arabia, where their descendents are specially bred into racing camels worth up to $3 million each.
A sparrow in the Souk in Cairo: bushy and tousled, he flits between crowded stalls to build his nest and attract a mate. He's one of five heroes of «Planet Sparrow» whose adventures cover the world, from Cairo to Beijing, New York, Moscow, Vienna and Paris. Small and grey-brown, sparrows may seem dull, but this first impression is deceptive; They're extremely clever. The camera pursues these artists of flight through narrow alleys, revealing their spectacular aerial manoeuvres. In New York, orphaned sparrow chicks are adopted by new sparrow parents. Sparrows play Russian roulette in Moscow, flying beneath the cars on the busiest roads to save winter energy. In Beijing they're captured and then released to bring good luck. In Paris, centuries of living with humans have taught them to form teams that steal and share the food of café diners. «Planet Sparrow» is a documentary about these flying survival artists, their neighbours and adversaries, all photographed from the perspective of the birds!
The INNside Story
A cascade of water pouring from glaciers and a lake in the high mountains, a waterfall tumbling from high up into the valley, a chain of lakes at the base of 10,000-foot peaks, drawn-out gravel banks, mud flats and extensive riparian forests at the river's lower reaches: the Inn has many facets to show, and a fascinating tale to tell. It's the longest tributary of the Danube in Central Europe, flowing through Switzerland, Austria and Bavaria along its 520-kilometer course. The variety of landscapes is reflected in the diversity of the flora and fauna along the river: grayling and trout swarm in its headwaters, dragonflies, frogs and rare water plants populate the oxbows; owls and bats raise their young in the bluffs. It is the river's indestructible power, however, which is most impressive: in spite of many hydropower plants and dams lining its path, the river still carries more than a million tons of gravel and silt downstream every month, before emptying its load into the Danube.
Buddies - How Dogs Discovered Man
No animal reflects human social changes as much as the dog. For millennia, dogs have served as mankind's hunting buddies, vital companions in our struggle for survival. In today's increasingly civilized world, modern dogs have had to abandon their first instincts, finding new employment as family members, helping the disabled, diagnosing cancer, or sniffing for drugs. We have forgotten what it actually means to be a dog, a hunter. «Hunting Buddies» looks back at this part of our cultural history and discovers where dog skills come from, finding out what we have given up and gained as our relationship with dogs has changed. «Hunting Buddies» takes a closer look at dog and man, nature and culture - a cinematic cross-over appealing not just to hunters and dog-lovers but to anyone fascinated by the history and development of humankind.
Extreme! - Light and Dark
Humans prefer moderation - neither too hot nor too cold, neither too light nor too dark. But Earth doesn't cater to our preferences. Our planet offers an abundance of extreme conditions, and people everywhere have had to learn to adapt to their surroundings. «EXTREME! - Light and Dark» is a journey to the brightest and darkest inhabited areas of the world: places where a cloud hardly ever crosses the sky - or months pass without a single ray of sunlight reaching the ground. How does so much light, or so little, affect the mindset and emotional well-being of the people who live with it? How do they protect themselves? And how do they take advan- tage of their situation?
Following the previous episodes of «EXTREME!»-«Valley Deep - Mountain High», «Drought to Deluge» and «Freezer to Furnace»- this episode brings to life the brightest and darkest places on Earth in spectacular images.
Climbing with the Stars - Austria
Dark green, wooded mountainsides, bizarre rock formations and the blinding white of eternal snow and ice: nine Austrian federal states, nine mountains,nine summits. This documentary attains the heights. Stunning cineflex views of Austria's Alps alternate with images of climbers rising through spectacular landscapes. And it's more. Austrian celebrities from all walks of life do what celebrities should do - celebrate: the mountains' magic, their challenge, their peace, their exhilaration and inspiration - and sometimes their terror. Simultaneously, two of the world's best mountain climbers, aman and a woman, set out to conquer all nine peaks in nine days. It hasnever been done before. The view from the sky reveals the different worldeach mountain is the centre of (even the state of Vienna's, only 300 metershigh!). Each is a unique ecosystem separated by bands of altitude. Thosewho know the mountains best - mountain innkeepers, rescue teams, dairymaids - toss in a grain of realism . . . Austria's peaks from zero to zenith andback again, with thrills, emotion, achievement and invigorating energy.
Hyena - Queen of the Masai Mara
It's not the lion or the cheetah, but the hyena that is the real monarch of the Masai Mara - the winner in the competition for prey and territory and the fight for survival. Michigan State University biologist Kay Holekamp and her team have studied the behaviour of hyena clans and show that their matriarchal society is highly organized using sophisticated vocalizations for communication. Hyenas are effective solo hunters but deadly in a coordinated attack.
The city of Vienna is world famous for its position on the River Danube. Every day Vienna's residents consume around 370,000 cubic metres of water, which is not uncommon for a city of over a million people. However the fact that not a single drop comes from the great river is amazing. All of the water that is drunk or cooked with, that flows through showers, sinks and fountains into the city's drains and wastewater treatment plants comes from the alps. Vienna's exclusive water factory lies in the eastern limestone alps. The Rax-Schneeberg region in Lower Austria and the Styrian Hoschschwab are the natural reservoirs from which water has flowed to Vienna for almost 150 years. It follows the natural inclines from the mountains along two pipelines into the federal capital, where it collects in large reservoirs and is distributed via a network that is approximately 3000 km long.
The film shows the routes that this diverted mountain stream takes through the city and how the precious liquid transforms both itself and the city; it explains why Vienna General Hospital is the city's greatest water consumer, accompanies dirty water through one of the most modern wastewater treatment plants in the world and observes its wondrous transformation on its way to the Danube.
Lake Wörthersee - Where Man And Nature Meet
Lake Wörthersee in the Austrian state of Carinthia is not only one of the most beautiful lakes in Austria, but also, in the truest sense of the phrase an "internationally famous stretch of water".
For over 100 years the lake has been the "stage" for world famous composers, architects and Hollywood stars. Austria's first airline came into being on Lake Wörthersee, and the lake's shipping is legendary. But away from the hustle and bustle, the scenically charming lake with its islands and peninsulas is an uncharted natural jewel that has been declared a »natura 2000" area.
For the first time this HD production provides a glimpse behind the scenes at the secrets of Lake Wörthersee.
Little Monsters - Hide & Cheat
This 3D documentary presents some of the animal kingdom's strangest survival strategies. The most startling behavior patterns aren't found among the classic big animals like lions or polarbears, but among nature's smaller creatures: poison dart frogs, chameleons, praying mantises and scorpions, to name but a few. These «Little Monsters» are masters of survival. Until recently, only a handful of scientists had the technical means to study them up close. But now, with its ingenious combination of slow-motion 3D andtime-lapse 3D sequences, «Little Monsters» sets new standards in the third dimension, yielding unbelievable scenes the world has never seen and «felt» before.
The Alps - Realm of the Golden Eagle
1.200 kilometeres long, massive chains of rock form the most famous mountain range of the world - the Alps.
Teaming Up with Wolves
What is the difference between the domestic dog and the wolf if both of them have been raised under the same conditions? What skills got lost and which were gained in the process of domestication? How far are wolves prepared to co-operate with humans, and do they accept domestic dogs as co-operation partners? To get answers to these questions, researchers Friederike Range, Zsofia Viranyi and Professor Kurt Kotrschal have taken up the task - for the first time ever in canid research - to raise a pack of wolves by hand. The Wolf Science Center currently holds three one-year old timber wolves and six pups. In the beginning the animals need extensive attention. The intimate rapport with humans and wolves primarily happens through feeding with the bottle and close body contact at night. It is not yet possible to say which task dogs can do better or worse than wolves, if any. Only one thing is clear: wolves act more independent from humans. The film follows the four American pups for a full year and records their upbringing, their progress in the daily work, their social development and their behavior in the various testing centers.
Zambezi - The Thundering River
It's one of the least-known rivers on earth - yet it flows for nearly 2,800 kilometers and belongs to six countries. The Zambezi is the fourth-longest river in Africa, and along its course it sweeps through a series of natural spectacles - from the blooming of a thousand musasa trees to the rains that will flood its banks, anointing the land with rich silt. But none compete with the river's crescendo - the Victoria Falls - one of the seven natural wonders of the world. Zambezi is a haven and a source of life to a vast array of wild animals and humans alike. Filmed throughout the changing seasons, we follow the river in Part 1 from its headwaters to the thundering power of the Victoria Falls. In Part 2 the Zambezi gently flows towards the Indian Ocean, taking in some of Nature's grandest wildlife spectacles. The story of the Zambezi is one of constant change, of life and death - it is the story of Africa itself.
Rift Valley - The Great Rift
Emerging 35 million years ago as a mysterious rift along the surface of the Earth, this 6,000 kilometer-long fault line between eastern Africa and the Arabian Peninsula has created not only a unique geological phenomenon, but also landscapes of immense beauty. This award-winning three-parter takes us on a breathtaking journey along several of the most beautiful and fascinating landscapes on earth, using latest HD filming techniques to provide magnificently enhanced vistas and astounding insights into our planet's treasury of wildlife.
So Long, Fu Long
The 2007 birth of a baby panda in Vienna's Schoenbrunn Zoo caused a flurry of excitement. Fu Long, the «happy dragon», was the first baby panda ever to be naturally conceived and born in Europe. From the beginning the black and white bundle of fur was the darling of onlookers and visitors to the zoo.
Director Heinz Leger documented this sensation and followed the little one's development from his very first day. In November 2009 the time finally came for the adolescent panda to leave Vienna. This film looks back on the highlights of the past two years, how Fu Long practised getting into his transport crate, and accompanies him on his journey to China. Upon arrival, initially Fu Long will live with other young pandas in a small community of bachelors before hopefully producing his own offspring in a few years time and so contributing to the preservation of his species.
Sea of Creepy Monsters
The Lembeh strait to the north of the Indonesian island of Sulawesi is a unique hotspot of marine biodiversity. Countless amazing creatures thrive in the underwater landscape around Lembeh Island. Over four years, a wildlife filmmaker couple spent many months in the region capturing hundreds of hours of behavior, lots of it never filmed before. Among other unique behavior they were able to shoot an Anglerfish swallowing a Lionfish - a scene resembling Godzilla gulping down Dracula! Elegant seahorses, thumb-splitting Mantis shrimps, and deadly mini-octopuses are just some of the remarkable creatures most underwater films tend to overlook. Only the ground-breaking macro photography in this film can reveal the awe and beauty of life - in the reef of little monsters.
Messengers of the Gods
For the first time this film shows exactly how butterflies live and how they develop through their different phases. The documentary travely the entire world and includes numerous first film recordings and rare species. These include the flesh-eating caterpillar from Hawaii and Malaysia's unique blood-sucking moth. This "Vampire" is even able to transmit AIDS.
Magic of the Mountains
This is the story of a land, where forces of nature are at play - beyond all things that a human can ever dominate or be able to conquer. The birth of Tyrol was one of collisions, where previous far apart continents were conjoined, wedged together and piled up on top of each other. The result is a steep world of diversity on the smallest area: depending on the depth of a valley or the height of a mountain ridge, depending on its direction and position at the edge or in the middle of the Alps, depending on whether its slope is steep or flat, there is a spot in Tyrol that is icy or mild, lush or paltry, dry or full of water. This film presents the fascinating world of the high mountains with all their diverse flora and fauna and the living conditions throught the seasons.
Link with the Lynx
With large tufted ears, a short tail and a trusting look, one could almost believe that lynxes are just big cats. In their hearts, however, they are wild and untamed. They are the tigers of Europe. This is the story of a hard earned friendship. On the one side is Milos Majda, a quiet, nature loving ranger at the Mala Fatra national park in Slovakia. On the other side are two small lynxes, fresh from the zoo. With Milos' help, it's hoped the lynxes will return to the home of their ancestors in the forests of Mala Fatra in the heart of Slovakia. For two years Milos Majda and the biologist and animal filmmaker Tomas Hulik follow the journey of the lynx siblings from their warm nursery inside a cabin into the wilderness.
Secrets of the Flooded Forest - Danube National Park
After beginning in Vienna, the Danube riverbank forests extend to the gates of Bratislava, linking the two capitals like a green ribbon, forming a unique wildlife habitat in the heart of Europe. A few years ago a 36-kilometer section was turned into a national park that now protects the last undeveloped stretch of the Danube and also the last riparian zone of its size in Central Europe. In the forests along the Danube the water's power can once again influence plant and animal habitats. Everything here is in motion and subject to constant change. Growth and destruction, birth and death are integral to this landscape. And so an outstanding variety of habitats and species has been created: white-tailed eagles breed in the woods, mud minnows and pond turtles populate the old arms of the river, beavers build their dams on the banks. The Danube National Park: a hidden wilderness full of beauty and drama, and a refuge for an astounding variety of flora and fauna.
Hans Hass - The Man Who Discovered the Sea
For hundreds of thousands of divers and underwater specialists throughout the world the name Hans Hass is synonymous with everything that takes places under the ocean waves.
Gene Pool of the Alps - Alpine Zoo Innsbruck
The Alpine Zoo Innsbruck is unique in many ways. Situated at 750 metres above sea level, it is regarded as Europe's highest-altitude zoo. It covers approximately 4 hectares and, with 150 different species, is home to the world's most complete collection of alpine animals. This makes it purely a themed zoo, where only animals from the alpine area are kept and displayed - there are no lions, elephants or giraffes here. The film concentrates above all on the zoo's dedicated and highly specialised breeding and resettlement projects. Absolute rarities that worldwide are only kept in the Tyrolean alpine zoo are also presented. The documentary shows in an entertaining way how fascinating Austria's nature, its exploration and preservation are.
Extreme! - From Valley Deep to Mountain High
In the near future, some of the settlement areas will become uninhabitable, and new land will need to be tapped into because of climate change. Are there any limitations to realizing the impossible? The third part of filmmaker Udo Maurer's voyage through the world's extremes compares life at sea level with the highest mountains of the world. From the lagoons and palm beaches of the South Sea Islands whose highest peak is often only soem few meters high to the highlands of Ethiopia at four thousand metres. From the shores of Dead Sea, located at 408 meters below sea level, to the 5400 meter high La Rinconada, the gold minder city, in the Peruvian Andes. La Rinconada is not like any other place, it is the highest inhabited place on Earth. If someone dares to go that long stretch, it is only for one reason: to become rich. In fact, there is gold in La Rinconada - and that attracts adventurers from all over the world.
Extreme! - From Drought to Deluge
In the 21st century, the average rainfall will increase and likewise its intensity. Many party of Earth will therefore drown in rain and snow, whilst other parts will dry out. What should we expect? How should we deal with these new conditions? How to adapt to it? One answer can be found there where humankind has already gotten used to exceptionally high rainfalls, there where there is never a drop of rainfall, and there where rain and snowfall reach world records. The French Island, La Réunion, in the Indian Ocean offers almost certainly a guarantee for torrential rainfall. When it comes to world records, La Réunion is by far the champion. The big legend amidst the places with the most rain is the city Cherrapunjee in Eastern India. Cherrapunjee is proud to call itself the wettest place on Earth. Here one has to get acclimated to five months of continous rainfall. According to the most recent measurements, the amount of downpour is even increasing. On the other extreme there is the Atacama desert in Chile. It is considered the driest desert on Earth. Allegedly, some places have not even seen rainfall for four thousand years.
First On Mount Everest
In 1953, Edmund Hillary was the first person to conquer Mount Everest, the world's highest mountain. At least, that's what the history books tell us. But German researcher Jochen Hemmle casts doubt on this belief. Just below the summit of Mount Everest he and his team discovered the well-preserved body of George Mallory, who in 1924 had made an assault on the peak with his climbing partner Andrew Irvine. Did Mallory stand on the summit 30 years before Hillary? To find an answer to this question, we follow Jochen Hemmle on a second risky search expedition to the roof of the world.
Available in 1 x 50min and 1 x 90min.
The Fire of Life: Power of Destruction - Source of Creation
Since the beginning of time the natural force of fire has formed and influenced life on Earth. This documentary shows you the fascinating magic of fire. It takes you to the greatest fire landscapes on our planet, showing the sophisticated and unbelievable strategies plants, animals and native inhabitants have developed in order to use the flames to their advantage. It gives you an inside view of scientists experimenting with huge infernoes in order to learn about modern fire management. This film draws a new image, not about lethal and destructive flames, but about this fascinating, lifegiving source.
Arlberg - The Hidden Paradise
Snow masses pile up in abundance on the famous slopes. The wind creates bizarre snowdrifts on the steep mountain ridges. The Arlberg is the embodiment of an idyllic winter and the cradle of alpine skiing. However, this famous ski resort offers a lot more than you might expect. Untouched nature is preserved in the barely accessible cliffs. Winter is the toughest time for ibexes and chamois. The meagre fodder is buried deep under the snow and the animals can only find it where avalanches have cleared the slopes. Wintry splendour is only one facet - Arlberg's full beauty remains hidden under the snow for almost half the year...
Mount St. Helens - Life from Zero
In 1980 Mount St. Helens exploded in one of the most powerful eruptions of the 20th century. Everything living was buried beneath 300 feet of avalanche debris, covered with steaming mud, topped with a superheated layer of frothy rock from deep within the centre of the earth. It seemed as though St. Helens might remain wasteland forever. Then one day, everything changed. A single lupine plant bursting through the hundreds of acres of pumice was the first sign of the return of life.
What has happened since then remains the secret of the award winning biologist Charlie Crisafulli - the only scientist who has stayed with the site for over the last 27 years.
For the first time exclusively he will provide an insight into this amazing resurrection. Original natural history sequences using macro-photography capture the first moments of rebirth. Aerial views and archive footage of the crater and the surrounding landscape as well as underwater filming combined with state-of-the-art CGI will visualize the ecological miracle. «Life from Zero» tells a unique story of determination and perseverance - of nature struggling for survival and one man sacrificing all to witness that miracle of nature's return unfolding.
Surrounded by barren cities, sterile concrete or over maintained, uniform patches of green, more and more animals are losing their last places of retreat. The city continues to grow inexorably but, where humans fail to impose their order, nature sprouts and crawls out of the tiny cracks in the asphalt and concrete and re-conquers its territory. Disused land is often the last place of retreat for wild animals in the city. More than two thousand species of plants can be found in Vienna alone, as well as half of all Austrian breeding birds and two thirds of the country's mammals. Many disused areas in Vienna are home to a host of threatened species like, for example, crested larks, nightingales, praying mantisses or firebellied toads. Countless mammals, birds, insects and amphibians are making their homes here once again. The city's wilderness is characterised by their comings and goings, their struggle to survive and their quest to find increasingly scarce resources and habitats.
With a population of around 3 million, Nairobi is one of the largest cities in Africa. However this metropolis is surrounded by wilderness that extends into the city itself. Just a few metres from the airport lies the Nairobi National Park, with its vast savannah and majestic wildlife. Beside the highway, separated only by a wire fence, lions, hyenas, giraffes and rhinoceros wander through grassland, while hundreds of marabous breed in the tree-lined streets in the city centres and scavenge on rubbish dumps. Hordes of apes entertain (and infuriate) picknickers in the city's parks; leopards hunt pets in wealthy suburbs, while hyenas scavenge in the city's shantytowns. This is a journey of discovery through a great city full of contradictions and teeming with nature, where humans and animals live together as - sometimes unwilling - neighbours.
Termites - The Inner Sanctum
They cannot tolerate sunlight; some of them are even blind. However they are one of the world's most ingenious builders: Termites. They build high-risers that are, relatively speaking, 25 times higher than the Empire State Building in New York. They are the only animals that have managed to build an air-conditioning system without electricity. Their nests are architectural masterpieces that rise up to eight meters from the ground and contain brood chambers for larvae, corridors for transportation and fungal gardens for nutrition. «Termites - The Inner Sanctum» takes us along a journey into another world. Visit the skillfully built termite mounds in the savannah, termite nests in the tropical rainforest with their colossal columns of termites foraging for food - and the termites that wreak terrible damage to wood-framed homes. Filmed in the US, Kenya and Borneo.
The Saga of the White-Tailed Eagle
The sea eagle was once widespread throughout almost all of Europe and graced the coats of arms of many different countries. During the 19th and 20th centuries it was driven to the brink of extinction by hunting, the increased use of pesticides and the destruction of its habitat. This touching animal drama recounts the true life story of one individual bird, observed over the course of a year. Beginning with its birth in a lowland forest in Central Europe the film team follows the eagle's first outing with its brothers and sisters and subsequent distant migrations to places as far away as Scandinavia. Finally it chronicles its dramatic lead poisoning, recovery and resettlement in a nature reserve.
Even today day still we don't know exactly where lightning strikes come from and how they are created. This documentary focuses on the latest lightning and thunderstorm research, using the cutting-edge digital video technology. It solves the mystery of ball-lightning and explores in detail the anatomy of a lightning strike, as well as investigating the phenomena of sprites and lightning bolts that explode in the depths of space.
The Voynich Code - The World's Most Mysterious Manuscript
It is the world's most mysterious manuscript. A book, written by an unknown author, illustrated with pictures that are as bizarre as they are puzzling - and written in a language that even the best cryptographers have been unable to decode. No wonder then, that this script even has a part in Dan Brown's latest bestseller, «The Lost Symbol». The Voynich Manuscript has captivated academics and occultists in equal measure since its discovery 100 years ago. The decoders of the Japanese Purple Code, physicists with high-performance modern computers and polymath historians have all tried their luck. But to date nobody has been able to decipher the book's contents. «The Voynich Mystery» follows a completely new lead in the hunt for the author's identity and uncovers the secret of the mysterious manuscript using the methods of materials science. To the present day many historians believe the manuscript to be a fake, allegedly circulated by the New York antique book dealer, Wilfrid Voynich, in 1912 so that he could offer it to wealthy manuscript collectors. Voynich did not, however, succeed in selling the mysterious manuscript to a collector during his lifetime. After his death, it eventually found its way into the collection of the University of Yale's Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library. The manuscript's age, origin and contents remained unknown. For almost a century, the numerous illustrations in particular have given rise to the most adventurous speculation and astounding theories. The secret lettering itself is also still a source of great mystery. But now a new investigative approach has shed new light into the maze of conflicting theories and ideas. At the home of the Voynich Manuscript, the University of Yale, the mysterious text has been looked at again using the methods of material science.
Two towns and one mountain in the Austrian province of Tyrol changed the world. They took humankind from the depths of the Middle Ages to modern times. They helped the Habsburgs and German commercial traders to power and wealth. This is where 80% of the world's silver was mined. An instrument of currency was established right here, the «Taler», which would later become the world-renowned «Dollar». Today the Tyrolean cities of Schwaz and Hall, and the Falkenstein «Silver Mountain», have sunk into a long slumber. This film revives the historic lives of these cities by reconstructing the day-today experience of the miners and their medieval technology.
Rose - Queen of Flowers
One of the most famous varieties - the Gloria Dei or Peace Rose - has elevated the rose to a symbol of world peace. Via the most successful garden rose of all time, this documentary retraces the history of rose cultivation in Europe. The film presents the biological features of roses and explains why they are capable of producing such a stunning abundance of varieties.
In 25 years the nuclear wasteland around Chernobyl has re-emerged as a complete ecosystem and one of Europe's largest wildlife sanctuaries. And yet, it is radioactive. Where humans are unable to live, nature is flourishing. Somewhere in this nuclear wilderness, there are packs of radioactive wolves, wandering through abandoned towns. Here they live in large packs as they used to. There are now an estimated 300+ wolves making the most of this deceptively beautiful landscape. But are these wolves mutants? Have they been affected by nuclear contamination after the '86 explosion? This film embarks on a journey to investigate the fate of the wolves and other animals in the contaminated wilderness.
Puszta - Land of Salt and Sand
Less than an hour's drive south of Hungary's capital Budapest, Central Europe's last and only wandering sand dunes surprise the traveller. They are in continuous motion, shaping a landscape one would only expect in Africa. The Puszta is home to a unique wildlife community including wolves, steppe polecats, flocks of great bustards and scores of other exotic birds.
Styria - Life in the Heart of Austria's Wine Country
This is a film about the people living in Styria's wine-growing region and how their daily lives are continually challenged by their natural environment. The internationally acclaimed director Curt Faudon paints a rich picture of daily life in the southern Styrian hills, letting his eye wander as far south as Croatia's Istrian coast - a region which was once the centre of wine production, agriculture and fishing in the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy.
Secrets of the Adriatic
For a long time, the Adriatic Sea used to be Central Europe's only link to the orient. This small sea became a symbol of entry to the vast, exotic world, allowing the city of Venice to call itself «Queen of the Seven Seas». Cultural riches are embedded on the Adriatic's coast against an unparalleled natural backdrop. On the northern coasts of the Adriatic stretches one of Europe's largest wetlands, which is not only a paradise for migratory birds and waders, but also the northernmost colony of flamingoes. This film follows the trail of the highly endangered griffon vultures whose last colonies are to be found on just a few islands and some rocky cliffs of the Dalmatian coast. It reveals a range of animals that even the most tenacious of Adriatic holidaymakers rarely see, including sand vipers, mongooses and Greek tortoises in the olive groves.
Mystery of the Fairy Circles
When it rains in the Namib, a thick carpet of grass covers the sand and stony desert. But this green layer is punctuated by bare circular patches, as regular as if drawn by a compass. And there are not just one or two of them, but hundreds of thousands. Observed from the air, they could be innumerable golf bunkers - or an abstract painting: «Red dots on green background». They appear between 60 to 120 kilometres from the coast and Stretch from South Africa to Angola. They are bordered by a ring of tall, thick grass, which stands out from the surrounding sparse vegetation. But where did these mysterious «fairy circles» come from? Are they caused by mineral compounds in the ground? Did poisonous plants or poison gas contaminate the subsoil? Are they the work of insects? Or is it the impact of meteorites that is responsible? And what crucial role do they play in the ecosystem? Three scientific teams have conflicting theories, but finally the amazing secret of the fairy circles is revealed!
Limits of Light
We recognize our world primarily through the sense of vision, yet the light we use to see by is only a tiny fraction of the electro- magnetic spectrum that surrounds us and impacts on our lives. From X-rays to microwaves, from ultraviolet to infrared, we explore the world of colour. We find out what colour really is, how our colour vision works, and we explore insects that can see into the ultraviolet, snakes that sense invisible infrared radiation and birds whose colour vision is far more sensitive than ours. Following the multiple award-winning «Limits of Perception» and «Time Limits», this is the third part of the trilogy that explores beyond the limits of our everyday perceptions.
Gonsalvus - The Real Beauty and the Beast
From his birth in 1556 on Tenerife, Petrus Gonsalvus suffered from a rare condition now called «hypertrichosis» or «Ambras syndrome»: his body, including his face, was completely covered with hair, leading scholars to believe he was a talking ape. At the age of ten he was given as a gift to King Henry II of France, where he soon spoke fluent French, Italian and Latin and entertained the court with his brilliant conversation. The Queen decided to test if he really was human, and the pretty daughter of a court servant was bribed to marry Gonsalvus. But Petrus and Catherine finally fell in love and had several children; sadly, those who inherited their father's rare condition were given away to other noble courts in Europe. Meanwhile, the film meets Larry Gomez, a Mexican-American actor who lives with the same condition today, which science can now explain but cannot «cure». Will he too find someone to share his life? «Gonsalvus - The Real Beauty and the Beast», like the 18th-century fairy-tale, is the archetypal story of how ignorance and cruelty can only be overcome by love.
The Wild Balkans
Wolves hunt their prey in the valleys between high-ranging dunes, bears and lynxes wander through dense primeval forest, and the big lakes are a magnet for hundreds of bird species. That is the so-called «Balkan». Today the «Balkans» stand for a Europe that hardly exists elsewhere. The mountains of Montenegro harbour one of Europe's last primeval forests with trees over 400 years of age. In the difficultly accessible hinterland we find the Tara National Park with the deepest gorge in the Karst Mountains - the 1.300 meters deep Tara gorge. Nearby Lake Skadar is home for 270 species of birds; no other lake in Europe can claim such diversity. Europe's last coastal forest area can be found in Albania and in Bulgaria and Romania huge bat colonies live in the cave-dotted mountains. In Serbia one can cross the «European Sahara», a desert covering a surface of 30.000 hectares.
This documentary takes us on the journey through untouched wilderness in a region that has disreputably been called a powder keg and where conflicts have drawn attention away from its hidden treasures.
Land of a Thousand Vineyards
Italy, California and South Africa are not the only places famous for their wines. Right in the heart of Europe, Austria can also look back over a past suffused with music and wine, both of which remain inseparably linked to this day. It is the vastness of Austria's «Weinviertel» or wine growing region that captivates visitors. No other region of Austria suggests this feeling of endless landscape quite so vividly. A soft, hilly landscape, blessed with a warm climate, that is cultivated by humans but has maintained much of its original character - a quiet landscape with a considerable history and hidden treasures. And the Weinviertel hasn't been given its name for nothing - wine growing defines the land in all its forms and has always been the distinguishing feature for the inhabitants of this unique region.
The Karst - Life Between Heaven and Hell
A scraggy land of harsh beauty but full of deception as well. This film explores the hidden charms of the stony cliffs along the Gulf of Trieste, the original home of the white horses from Lipica and portrays the inhabitants of this Karst region, who are simple people, deeply affected by the vicissitudes of European history and the hardships of life. The Karst plateau, perforated like a sponge absorbing everything that flows through it, provides humans and nature a life amid water wind and stone. Wild rivers roar through the dome-like caves of its underworld, giving an impression similar to Dante's Inferno. Niko Luin and his wife Kathrina, like many other farmers in the region are avid explorers of the caves. Together with the Universum-team they explore this bizarre underworld on this fascinating and sometimes perilous journey into the underground, which during some years can swallow entire bodies of water like Lake Cerknica.
Year of the Hedgehog
It's springtime, the air is tepid, the skylarks chirp, and spring flowers cover the meadows and the forest grounds. Out of a pile of leaves a fluttery, sniffling snout tip appears: it's a hedgehog awakening from its winter sleep heading into the light of a new year, having only two things in mind: food and finding a partner. This documentary accompanies for a year one of the most popular yet still unknown animals of our landscape. The hedgehog is not only part of the oldest mammal species on our planet, newest findings disclose that it will stay among us for many years to come. Neither the massive destruction of natural habitats nor the horrendous road kill can seriously endanger its population. Award-winning wildlife filmmaker Kurt Mündl will present never before seen details and behavioural patterns of the spiky fellow. With special camera techniques he is in pursuit of the most interesting questions. What does a hedgehog really eat and drink? What do their newborns look like and do they have quills? Is a hedgehog immune against snakevenom and why has it been a symbol of luck over the last centuries?
Extreme! - From Freezer to Furnace
This is a journey to the hottest and coldest places on earth, where people go about their everyday lives under extreme conditions - and even enjoy it. The Northern Pole of Cold, where the northern hemisphere's lowest air temperature of minus 71.2 degrees Celsius has been recorded, lies in north-east Siberia. The village of Oymyakon is the coldest inhabited place on earth - a real «natural freezer». Thousands of miles away lies America's answer to the record-holding Russian village: Furnace Creek, headquarters of Death Valley National Park. In 1913, 56.7 degrees Celsius were measured here. But the world's official hottest place is the city of Al'Aziziyah in Libya, a gateway to the Sahara desert, just 25 miles from Tripoli and the Mediterranean Sea. It holds the world record of 58 degrees Celsius - in the shade! Another infamous blast furnace is the Danakil Depression in the borderland between Eritrea and Ethiopia - one of the most forbidding deserts on earth, a vsolcanic wasteland almost 150 meters below sea level, which boasts the highest measured annual average temperature: 34.6 degrees Celsius.
Sky Hunters - The World of the Dragonfly
This film presents dragonflies as they have neverbeen seen before. Fascinating macro cinematography takes us into the world of insects that have lived on earth since the age of the dinosaurs. Spectacularsuper slow-motion and elaborate computer animationreveal for the first time how dragonflies capture their prey at lightning speed while flying. They hover over ponds and pools and inhabit the banks of rivers and streams. With their dazzling metallic colours and unique ways of flying they are truly jewels of the air. This film presents dragonflies as they have never been seen before. Fascinating close up shots take us into the world of these insects, which have lived on earth since the age of the dinosaurs. Spectacular super slow motion shots and elaborate computer animation uncover, for the first time, how dragonflies capture their prey at lightning speed while flying and how they mate in the air. Underwater photography reveals the development of the predatory dragonfly larvae while time lapse sequences show the emergence of the fully grown insect. However these amazingly colourful flying acrobats are in danger. The dragonfly's preferred habitat in and around water is rapidly diminishing, which, in Europe alone, has pushed around 80 species to the brink of extinction.
City of Steel, City of Life
Linz, the capital of the Province of Upper Austria, serves as European Capital of Culture in 2009. In recent years, Linz has blossomed into a model European city that places its technology- and knowledge-based urban industrial centre at equal footing to its manifold cultural events. Against this dynamic backdrop, Linz has similarly managed to demonstrate respect to nature by including ecological factors on all levels of urban planning. Linz 09 - the city in which industry, culture and nature melt into one. This film takes the viewer on an adventure trip of a special kind by following the everyday lives of wild animals that have chosen, of all places in the world, Linz as their habitat. It ventures through the Old Town with quiet paws and then takes you by nosedive to the old tower of the cathedral or in agile leaps through the botanical gardens. Linz is presented through an extraordinary angle - whether sniffed out by dogs and cats, seen by falcon or fish or experienced by bumble bees or foxes.
River without Frontiers
The Morava river with its forests is one of the most beautiful and ecologically valuable riverscapes featuring the richest biodiversity in all of Central Europe. Like a green ribbon, the riverine forests of the Morava - together with those of the Danube and the Dyje - link the Alps with the Carpathians, forming a bridge between Eastern and Central Europe. The infl uence of the Pannonian climate with its hot and dry summers combines with the slowly receding high waters to form a mosaic of extremely different habitats: moist meadows lie close to sand dunes, riverine forests alternate with dry primeval oak forests. This enormous diversity of habitats creates a refuge for animal and plant species, a specifi c composition that cannot be found in any other place.
Nature Tech - How Engineers Are Inspired by Nature's Top Designs
Why are blossoms never dirty and can we also make our cars that way? Why can geckos walk on the ceiling and can we use their tricks to create better adhesives? Why is the spider's web tougher than steel? Exciting new developments in computer technology, chemistry and physics are now enabling us to understand Nature's designs better than ever before. Scientists are not simply trying to copy nature - they are taking hints, extracting principles and applying winning designs of evolution in a new, human context.
The Four Alps
The European Alps are the most famous mountains on Earth. However, there are three other mountain ranges that owe their names to the first European Explorers, one in the Northern and two in the Southern Hemisphere. The European and Japanese Alps are almost identical worlds yet the Australian and the Southern Alps of New Zealand couldn't be more different. This film is a fast-paced roller coaster ride from the top to down-under.
O-Two - The Molecule that Made Our World
Using latest CGI combined with live-action reconstructions, this film follows the journey of a molecule of oxygen, an adventure that takes place over a span of thousands of millions of years. The story begins with the photosynthesis of a bacteria - and in doing so it produces the molecule of oxygen gas. The way of the oxygen unfolds and at times it is torn apart and becomes part of other molecules. It is involved in the conflagrations that accompanied the death of the dinosaurs after the great asteroid impact, then travels through a human body to combine with haemoglobin in the blood and to take part in chemical reactions in individual cells. For a while the oxygen even spends some time as ozone, protecting earth from deadly radiation but then connects to a carbon dioxide molecule to help warming earth and bring about unknown consequences of climate change. Following this fascinating story, the film explores key moments in the history of earth and science in an unusual and visual way. «O-Two» is an intriguing and ambitious journey through biology, chemistry and physics.
Madeira - Emerald in the Atlantic
Madeira is considered as «the green emerald» in the Atlantic ocean. The island's mountains are overgrown with million-years-old primeval forests. The Laurisilva forest, the largest of its kind in Europe, covers an area of 22,000 hectares and has been proclaimed to be UNESCO World Natural Heritage in 1999. The majority of all plant and animal species that occur on Madeira are global endemics. In his film, multi-award winner Kurt Mündl tells the story of discovery and colonization of the archipelago and shows endangered nature and traditional culture in extraordinary pictures: From whales to Europe's smallest bird, from traditional sugar cane processing to the centuries-old craft of basket-making.
Salt - Tears of the Earth
There are millions of solutions to the problems of survival but there is only one substance that has awakened all organisms to life: salt. No creature can live without this magic mineral - and no living organism can produce it on its own. Amoebas, algae or humans - all life-forms are completely at the mercy of this simple chemical compound. In all bodies of water on earth, there is salt in abundance, and animals and humans have always been able to extract the valuable crystals from water - directly through their organs or with the aid of evaporation in salt lagoons. But on dry land, the white gold needed to be laboriously mined - sometimes at danger to life and limb. Enormous power and lavish wealth developed in the few privileged areas where salt production flourished. In its narrative structure the aim of the film is to link the historical aspects of salt production at various locations. The three principal aspects - nature - man - civilization - are intertwined to form the main thread of the film.
Jackals - Out of Africa
In some cultures, jackals were pursued and condemned as pests that fed on parasite-infested carcasses. In others, such as Ancient Egypt, they were divinely celebrated. This documentary accompanies a young scientist, who is drawn to these mythical mammals, and takes us on a journey to explore golden jackals, from Egypt to the barren hills of Greece. Other showplaces are the reeds of the Hungarian Kis Balaton, the Romanian Danube delta, the Austrian alpine pastures and the forests of Croatia, where the jackals share their living space with wolves and bears.
Azores High and Iceland Low - Europe under Pressure
Late June in the Alps: A storm is coming up. Within minutes, the temperature drops below zero degrees Celsius, snowfall endangers both animals and humans on their way up to the mountains. What's behind such a dramatic change of weather within such short time? Will there be more of these phenomenons?
The starting point of it all is - literally - somewhere over the Atlantic Ocean, where the Azores High meets the Iceland Low. Meteorologist Andreas Jäger sets out on a three-day trip to document the roots and consequences of the phenomenon: Starting at the Azores, he continues through the Rhone valley, the Gulf of Genoa while finishing his explorations in the heart of the Alps.
Trees of Tempting Fruit
The Mostviertel, Austria's pear country, stretches from the river Danube to the Alps, right in the heart of Austria. Pear trees are scattered across the landscape and produce 200 different kinds of pears. Their naturally tart fruits have been used for centuries to extract the delicious pear cider (perry). As production has grown over time, »Most«, the Austrian name for cider, has given the charming region its name. From a geographical point of view, pear country is spared the climatic extremes of other Alpine regions in Austria and has thus become one of Europe's remaining sanctuaries for a variety of rare, altogether 3000 different - including some endangered - species: the little owl, the European otter, the hoopoe, or the curlew.
The Vampire Princess
An aristocratic demon hunting for human blood, who strikes unsuspecting mortals at night - everyone knows the grim story of Count Dracula. Now scientists can reveal the truth: the vampire story as we know it isn't modelled on a medieval count from Transylvania but on the fate of a Bohemian princess from the early 18th century. She suffered from an allergy to light and could only leave her living quarters secretly at night. As a terrible fear of vampires swept central Europe at that time the people of a small village went into hysterics and committed a horrible crime. This documentary traces the origins of all the vampire myths by uncovering a gruesome murder.
Carnuntum - Metropolis in the Land of the Barbarians
According to accounts by the Roman historian Paterculus, in the year 6 A.D. a Roman army under Tiberius put up its winter camp in the Celtic Noricum.According to accounts by the Roman historian Paterculus, in the year 6 A.D. a Roman army under Tiberius put up its winter camp in the Celtic Noricum. The exact site was called Carnuntum, and it was the moment of birth of a legendary Roman metropolis upon the Danube «in the land of the Barbarians», built as a bastion against invaders from the North.Two thousand years later, this lavish documentary drama by multiaward winning producer Kurt Mündl portrays the history of and life in ancient Carnuntum.
Vienna's Danube Island, a river island artificially created some 20 years ago, has become a recreational retreat for tens of thousands of city dwellers. To tourists, it is an attraction praised in every traveller's guide. No-one associates the island with wildlife and wilderness, and yet, unnoticed by most visitors, a secret army of wild animals has conquered the island and turned it into their own hunting and breeding grounds.
The Tiger and the Monk
Wat Pa Luangta Bua is a monastery of meditation, situated far away from any civilization, about 200 kilometers west of Bangkok, and here, silence, peace and harmony reign. Every afternoon, a daily ritual is observed - nonchalant Buddhist monks take their ten 3-5 year old tigers out on a leash for a walk through the bordering region of Burma. They dote upon their tigers, feed them and celebrate them as their most sacred animal. The monks treat grown-up animals with reverence and respect although they cuddle and play with the cubs.
The tigers were once the «aristocrats» of the jungle of South East Asia but today, this undisputed ruler of the animal kingdom is one of the most endangered species in the world. Three of the eight subspecies are already extinct, a fate that could also overcome the others. Only an estimated 500 to 2000 tigers of Indochina still inhabit the intact jungle regions of South China, Burma, Thailand, Cambodia, Malaysia and Vietnam. This documentary portrays the harmonious relationship between predators and humans without disregarding the monk's maxim that «a tiger will always be a tiger, even if it feeds from the hand. It will always be a wild animal».
Pastures in the Sky
A dairymaid in Styria, a sheep farmer in Eastern Tyrol and a shepard in Vorarlberg offer insight into a life that is characterised through beautiful scenery as well as through a culture immensely rich in traditions. Not only does the spectacular cattle drive up to the Lechtaler Alps, when 450 animals have to make it across a ridge 2500 meters above sea level, impress the spectator. In addition to that, it is the newfound appreciation of the alp as a vacationing place that captures the attention. For example, the rustic huts of Oberstalleralm in Eastern Tyrol are completely booked throughout the year 2007, despite the fact that there are no professional feel goodanimators on hand but the main attractions are comprised of a simple wood stove, running water and fresh milk. Maria Magdalena Koller shows life as it is on the Alp, one of the most traditional ways of living in Austria - unfolding within the breathtakingly impressive theatre of the Austrian mountains.
Tasmania - Paradise at the End of the World
Tasmania makes an impression with its unique landscape, architecture and scenery. Its largely unknown wilderness has always attracted adventurers and scientists. One of these courageous men was the Austrian botanist, Gustav Weindorfer. His adventurous expedition lead him to Cradle Mountain. He was deeply moved by this spectacular world of mountains and gave his utmost to bring that wonderful experience to others. Today the Cradle Mountain National Park allows visitors from all over the world to indulge in this breathtaking landscape.
The Otter's Trail
During the mid-80s, zoologists still regarded the European otter as a species on the verge of extinction. What they did not take into consideration was the fact that the shy aquatic animals are extremely adaptable. Using their intelligence and cleverness, they have been able to re-conquer parts of Europe during the last few years, including their old homeland, Austria. However, their settlements in Austria are small islands and the correspondingly small populations are still very much endangered. The documentary tracks down the otter in the Austrian Waldviertel and southern Styria and leads to the extensive areas of ponds in the neighboring Czech Republic and Hungary, which have become a true otter paradise, thanks to devoted nature conservationists.
«Napoli Dogs» is a soap opera set in the charming harbor side of Naples. More resembling a feature film than a documentary we follow the fate of a pack of street dogs as they struggle for survival. Love affairs and gang raids guaranteed! Seven dogs, utterly diverse characters with diverse looks, are the inner circle of a notorious four-legged street gang, the Napoli Dogs. They are known all around Naples and feared by many. When it comes to staking out their territory, they can be very tough. The perseverance of the scruffy males makes owners of pretty, well-groomed lady dogs shudder. Helplessly, restaurant chefs watch their compassionate guests feed their prime cut steaks to the clever gang.
The film tells the story of runaway domestic dogs braving the city jungle, of their amazing survival strategies and of the rituals reconfirming the bonds between the members of the pack.
Tales from the Vienna Woods
Vienna is the world's only metropolis with a large, continuous forest area in its immediate vicinity - the Vienna Woods, an area blessed with an unexpected wealth of animal and plant life.
A team of natural history film-makers will pursue the wild boar, stalk the stags and crawl with the ants to portray the living Vienna Woods over the period of one year.
Mountains in the Sun
The landscape of southern Lower Austria is characterised by the last undulations of the Alps. This film takes a cinematic journey through these so-called «sunny mountains», showing their diverse nature and cultures in a comprehensive portrait of the region and its inhabitants. Some farmers in the region breed «alpine salmon», while others have developed a sideline - using traditional methods to extract the resin from black pine trees, which can then be used to produce cosmetics, turpentine and even resin for the strings of musical instruments. The area between the Rax and Buckliger Welt is popular with the Viennese. Almost on their doorstep, the region is a paradise for extreme sports junkies, nature lovers, culture fans and to those looking for rest and recuperation. Foreign tourists also discovered this magnificent landscape many years ago. Experience this scenic treasure in the heart of Europe with its breathtaking panoramas, unique animal and plant life and tradition-conscious inhabitants.
Blue Danube, Black Sea
Romantic river banks and unspoilt nature - wherever the Danube flows these types of landscapes dominate. This comprehensive cinematic portrait of Europe's second longest river presents numerous scenes of heavenly beauty along the banks of the Danube, as well as the tension between humans and nature and civilisation and wilderness. Dams and power stations alternate with sections of natural wilderness along this mighty river, which flows through metropolises such as Vienna, Bratislava and Budapest and untouched natural landscapes like the Danube-Auen national park and the Kopac?ki Rit. Further south, between the Carpathian mountain range in Romania and the Serbian Ore mountains, the river passes through the so called Iron Gate, 137 kilometres of gorges that are among the largest in Europe. The final opening of the Danube into the Black Sea couldn't be more spectacular. The mighty river expires in a unique labyrinth of water, mud and reeds - the Danube delta. It is the last remaining major river delta in Europe and the largest reed bed on earth, used by huge colonies of pelicans, sea ravens, sea eagles and spoonbills to nest and breed.
Land of the Falling Lakes
The Plitvice Lakes National Park, the oldest Nationalpark in Europe, is located in Croatia`s Dinaric Mountains where the olm, lynx, black stork and Ural owl live together in an enchanted world of thunderous waterfalls, cascading lakes subterranean caverns. The film follows the course of the water taking its wondrous paths through the limestone.
Strange Encounters of the Third Kind
They are everywhere - and have been since time immemorial: in the air, in the water and on the land. From the very beginning they have been part and parcel of life. Yet many aspects of these organisms remain inexplicable, even to modern science. Despite their obvious multiplicity, we classify them all in one collective term: fungi. Some 100,000 species have been identified to date worldwide. But the actual number will probably be far higher, because virtually every expedition to tropical countries brings new species to light. Some fungus specialists estimate that there might be around 1.5 million species of fungus on our planet.
In this film multi-award winner director Kurt Mündl follows their tracks all over the world.
The Carpathians - Life in Dracula's Forests
The Carpathian mountains, Europe's largest and mightiest natural bulwark, are coming to life again. When the shepherd Vasile wanders the forests of Count Dracula, his path leads him across superb cultural landscapes formed by the struggle with Mother Nature, shaped by ancient myths and customs. There he meets Delia, a contemporary young girl with a strong desire for the «old life». Eight months later in winter, when the harsh life of the wandering shepherd comes to a brief standstill, the circle closes. Vasile marries Delia, and out there in the ice and snow, the shepherds wrap up warm again in their white furs.
The Treasure of the Alps - National Park Hohe Tauern
When the first humans advanced into the Alps, they encountered dense, primeval forests. Over the centuries, they cleared the woodlands, created fields and pastures, and built their villages higher and higher in the mountains. These early farmers were followed by many wild animals that found a new habitat in the changed landscape: wood grouse occupied the forest glades, rock partridges filled the mountain meadows, and red deer populated the alpine pastures. For some wild animals that had been sparse in the ancient forests - like the black grouse, marmots, and the common adder - human intervention created significant extensions to their habitats. »Treasure of the Alps« is a rare portrait of the co-existence of alpine wildlife and humans - a story that began thousands of years ago, and still continues in the Hohe Tauern National Park today.
Sudan - The Nubian Caravans
They are faster than race horses, more stubborn than donkeys and tougher than any other creature tamed by man. Since time immemorial, camels have determined the lifestyle of the various nomadic tribes in Sudan. This documentary introduces us to the tribes of the Hadendowas and Rashidis and takes a look on their life together with their camels, their breeding and training. The most important events every spring are big festivities with sword fights and a camel race for hundreds of miles. Thousands of men sometimes ride for days to come and compete with their animals. It shows us unadulterated nomadic tribes who have lived by their traditions in the same way for centuries. With and from their animals - the camels.
Alien Insect - The Praying Mantis
Worldwide there are 2.000 species of praying mantis. This film explores the world of these «real aliens». In unprecedented images it shows how mantises live, reproduce and die. But biological processes are not the film's only focus. It features the largest and rarest representatives of the mantis family, several of which have never been filmed before.
This film takes a look at the various ways poisons have been used throughout history, using dramatic reconstructions of some of the most infamous poisonings. But the film doesn't stop there. Using advanced computer animation, we travel inside the bodies of a victim of the Borgias, as well as Cleopatra, Hannibal, Socrates, Emperor Leopold and a host of other unfortunate victims, to witness from the inside how they died. The film follows humanity's macabre search over thousands of years for the perfect poison. A poisoner needs a poison that is tasteless and colorless, and therefore won't be noticed by the victim. It needs to work in low doses, so a poisoner doesn't have to feed his victim large quantities. And it needs to be reliably and quickly lethal. Finally, it needs to be undetectable after the event, so the poisoner leaves no trail of guilt. In fact, for preference it should mimic the symptoms of a disease, so no-one even suspects poisoning. Not surprisingly, such a perfect poison is not easy to find or make, and the search has occupied some of humanity's finest minds.
Sahara - The English Patient's Desert
Even today, the Sahara is full of miracles. Until way into the 20th century, vast areas remained unexplored. In the early thirties, the Austrian-Hungarian adventurer Ladislaus E. Almásy who later gained world-wide fame as the historical figure on whom the Hollywood movie «The English Patient» was based on, had undertaken several expeditions to various blank spots on the Sahara's map. Highly awarded film-maker Michael Schlamberger has followed Almásy's tracks to reveal the most amazing chapter of the world's biggest desert. The desert explorer had stumbled upon one of the trickiest riddles of climate history. The world's largest desert must once have been a lush Garden of Eden - a daring thought that raised great controversy with Almásy's peers. Following his footsteps, Schlamberger searched for evidence from the most thrilling chapter in the Sahara's natural history.
Land of Crystal Waters
This film shows the rich water wildlife in Alpine rivers and lakes from both the fisherman's and the fishes' perspective. It's a portrait of a complete river system, following the water's journey from glaciers through cave systems and canyons through mountain streams, crystal-clear lakes and, finally, down one of Austria's most beautiful and swift rivers, the Traun, all the way to the wooded wetlands where it finally calms before flowing into the Danube. Used for shipping lumber and salt already centuries ago, the river has always encouraged a special union of man and nature. The film takes the viewers on a journey above and under water, showing one of the continent's most attractive mountain landscapes from the perspective of an Alpine river, its wild inhabitants and its human visitors.
The Prater - The Green Stadium
In the thicket of the meadows, badgers, foxes and deer are wandering around, while by the waters, Mandarin ducks are mating. They were imported for hunting purposes from China more than a hundred years ago and since then have established their place in the landscape. The Danube's bayous are not only a paradise for waterfowl of all sorts but also a haven for beavers, who chop down tree after tree. Life flourishes in the meadows of the Prater, Vienna's green lung. The 6.000.000 m2 big area of the Prater is full of «animal» surprises and it is exactly here where the 2008 UEFA European Championship will take place. This film portrays the diverse animal life in and around the stadium and will be available to international partners in time before the opening of the Euro 2008.
Liguria - Life Between Heaven and Sea
Between Cinque Terre and San Remo, high above the Gulf of Genoa, this filmed journey portrays the beauty of the Ligurian landscape and tells of the lives of people settled along the idyllic «Alta Via dei Monti Liguri»- a hiking trail stretching between heaven and sea. For centuries, the daily lives of the people have been shaped by the simplicity of the special, by myths, and gloriously crazy festivals taking place in many a season of the year.
The Valley of the Ravens
At the edge of the Dead Mountains lies an enchanting, sparsely populated area - the inner Alm Valley. Especially in winter up to 120 half-grown ravens gather in the area around the wild animal park to steal food. This is the biggest permanent settlement of ravens in all of central Europe. They are blacker than night and smarter than parrots: ravens are capable of astonishing mental feats. How well does their bird's brain really work? This documentary probes deep into the raven's soul and follows his awkward flight around the entire globe.
Night of the Salamander
The film reveals all the miracles and curiosities in the salamander world that, until now, were only known to a few experts in the field. In technical terms, the film team went to some lengths: Thermal image cameras show that salamanders are as cold as the night they inhabit, night vision cameras allow the viewer to watch them in the dark, magnetic resonance tomography and x-ray images show us the inside of their bodies.
Let it snow!
«Snow is snow is snow» one might be tempted to say. Yet people in the Arctic have hundred of different names for snow while other cultures have never seen it. Nor is snowfall the same as snowfall.
In this extraordinary documentary we are going to witness very different kinds and situations of snowing: from howling blizzards to the gentlest and loveliest of weather events, from huge handkerchiefs quietly falling to the needle-sharp attack of hard, heavy grains. Snow - what is it really? How is it created - naturally and artificially? Thanks to CGI and new camera techniques we can actually see this process for the first time and listen to the incredible, inaudible music of snowfall, of myriads of tiny crystals touching and rolling and settling. Each snowflake is unique and bears more secrets than we could imagine. Did you know that different kinds of music influence the crystallization process and the shape of snowflakes? And have you ever imagined that we would be able to produce artificial snow that melts at 30 degrees Celsius? With this in mind: just let it snow!
Ol' Man River - Mighty Mississippi
There is no river on earth where so many dreams were dreamt, where so many dreams came true or fell apart, where the dividing line between life and death is as thin as on the Mississippi - North America's great river. The Mississippi is the world's third largest river. From the Canadian border to New Orleans, from Helena in the Rocky Mountains to Pittsburgh, it drains 31 US states and two Canadian provinces. Since the first human beings set foot on the North-American subcontinent, the face of the river has changed dramatically. This epic film shows the great American river in cinematically beautiful images and emotions. Moving cameras show the endlessness of the land, the impenetrable wilderness and, in stark contrast, the shining steel facades of modern metropolises. The film also reveals a fascinating world inhabited by rare plant and animal wildlife with a distinctly exotic touch. At the same time, it invites us on a journey through history. In several episodes, with the aid of CGI we travel into the past from characteristic sites.
Also available in 2 x 45min.
Prince Of The Alps
Featuring panoramic scenes of lush landscapes, Prince of the Alps travels high into the mountains, where chamois and ibex are right at home on the nearly vertical cliffs, marmots emerge late from hibernation, and red deer prove their agility. The little prince enjoys special status in the herd, thanks to his mother's social rank. She leads him to the best feeding places and teaches him about his new surroundings. His first brush with civilization is a herdsman calling out to his cattle. Unlike drivers on the roads, and the hunters and hikers who also invade their world, the herdsman poses no threat to deer in the mountains. The young calf also learns his first lesson about dangerous weather in the mountains, where storms rage and lighting kills. In September, the mountains echo with the calls of the great red deer stags. During the six weeks or so of the autumn rut, the stags compete for the chance to father next year's calves before the seasons change and winter claims the mountains. Snow, ice, cold, and hunger will also claim their share of the herds before spring returns. Many deer find it hard to feed and finding shelter takes all the energy they have. Seven months into his life, the little prince is left alone and his chances of survival are slim. But when the sights and sounds of spring once again appear, and the red deer mothers and calves make their way up to the high mountain pastures, a one-year-old red deer calf with tiny antlers sets out with them. He has earned his place as Prince of the Alps.
The Magic Trees of Assam
The film, set in the ravishing scenery of north east India, combines a journey and a great mystery with electrifying footage of the world's most aggressive insect. The giant honey bees have a reputation for attacking en masse and every year local people are badly stung and die. Yet an Austrian scientist is trying to discover the secrets of these enigmatic killer bees.
Genghis Khan - Rider of the Apocalypse
Genghis Khan, ruthless leader of the Mongols and sovereign over the vastest empire ever ruled by a single man, was both god and devil - not just in the Middle Ages, but for centuries to come. Luxurious historical reconstructions, cleverly enhanced with state-of-the-art CGI and compos iting techniques, make up the flesh of this program. The bone will be serious, yet exciting sci ence - not only archaeology at scenic ancient sites but also the tracing of living modern remnants of the ancient Mongol culture.
Through an expedition to seek proof in support of the theory that one hundred and thirty million years ago the original source of the Amazon was located in the Ounianga Kébir lake district in the modern Sahara, this fascinating film, using the latest graphic and animation techniques, looks at the natural history, geology and archaeology of a rarely filmed region of the Sahara bordering Lake Chad.
Power of the Rainbow
The beauty of nature's colors only becomes fully visible in sunlight, whether it is the splendid miracle of the rainbow or its various different forms in nature; none of the colors is a coincidence - not the green of the leaves, nor the red of blood or the deep black of space. The film gives an overview of the fascinating world of color in all its different manifestations; a journey from inorganic nature to plants, animals and to people. In the light of the sun all colors are contained. How is this possible? In wildlife and nature colors are messages: flowers, for instance, show insects the way to the nectar and thus to the stamens that load them with pollen and animals use colors as bait, as camouflage or to ward off enemies. Why does this communication works? This documentary tries to explain these questions with all new technology and breathtaking images.
Myths of the Alps
Since ancient times the High Alps have been a region of extremes: bizarre landscapes, powerful acts of nature and deprivation for both people and animals. In these regions, myths and sagas were especially powerful. People tried to deal with those forces of nature by explaining them with arcane tales and worshipping powerful gods to calm their fearful minds. Energy fields, stone altars for sacrifices, healing spring waters - they all have a mysterious code that continues to live on in the traditions and rituals of the communities living in remote villages far beyond civilization. This documentary traces these myths to produce a journey through time to the places our ancestors once worshipped, visiting some of the most beautiful mountain regions in the heart of Europe.
The fast-paced year in the life of a New Yorker versus the slowly changing seasons of Central Park - this documentary accompanies people of the city into their working world, into their homes and into their daily trips to the Park. At every time of day and year, a myriad of people of different backgrounds come to the Park, be it a construction worker or a famous actor. The ever enchanting grass, trees and visitors of Central Park create a feeling of magic around the green. Central Park - a unique and calm natural paradise amidst the busy streets of New York City. Living in New York since more than fifteen years, Curt Faudon has a deep connection to this entrusted space. This documentary portrays the powerful intermezzo of seasons at Central Park and follows some people with very special ties to the park.
Green Islands in a Sea of Stone
Spared by the ice-age, overlooked by an expanding civilisation for hundreds of years, saved at the last minute from a total sell out to tourism - that is the still little known Carinthian «Nockberge» region. Austria's oldest landscape is a green island surrounded by young, dramatic peaks. The windswept heights have been cattle pastures from time immemorial, and over the centuries a wonderful harmony has develop ed between wildlife and cattle. Wild nature and the ancient culture of mountain farming distinguish the character of the Nockberge Nationalpark.
Limits of Perception
This is a journey form the smallest manmade hole - by removing just one single atom - to the edge of the universe. Man has finally succeeded in making the ancient dream of Greek philosophers come true - to «see» an atom. In another direction we also seem to have unlimited sight: the «Hubble Telescope» grants us a glimpse of the remotest galaxies. This documentary assesses the limits of human perception, taking us on a journey through time from the quasars, millions of light-years away from earth, via the wonders of our populated world to the depths of human genotype and the structure of a single atom. «Limits of Perception» promises a filmic journey of exploration from micro- into macrocosm.
Kamp - A River for all Senses
Far from being a long, let alone a wide river, the waters of the Kamp river feed one of the most fascinating valley landscapes of Lower Austria. From its source to its estuary, which empties into the Danube, the river descends about 745 metres in altitude. A river course like the Kamp's is a life corridor whose banks line increasingly rare wetlands, marshes, meadows, gallery forests, embankments, jungle-type shrubs and alluvial forests. While small sections of the river course were made a nature preserve, one whole section of the river was designated to become a «cultural park«. The region is shaped by its long-standing cultural tradition, the perfect soil for wine-growing, and an ever more strongly positioned gentle tourism industry.
Appalachia - The Endless Forest
The Appalachians form a vast mountain chain, stretching along the Eastern side of the USA, from Georgia in the south to Maine in the north. Along much of their length they are clothed in rich but little known woodland, secret worlds of rivers and waterfalls, caves and forest glades inhabited by bears and deer, raccoons and possums as well as dozens of other, lesser known creatures. These are the most diverse temperate forests on Earth. Human history here is just as rich as the natural history. Long before Columbus landed in North America, Cherokee Indians moved into these forests, european settlers followed, forming their own unique culture. Over the course of a year, the film looks at these extraordinary forests through the eyes of some of the people living there.
Baja - The Other California
Baja California stretches 750 miles southwards from its famous neighbour, the State of California. On either side of this narrow strip of land lie the rich waters of the Pacific and the Sea of Cortez. The peninsula, for the most part, is desert. Stark but beautiful, its raw landscape, naked rocks and giant cactus contrast with the crystal blue waters of the sea that surrounds it. Isolated from other deserts Baja and the Sea of Cortez are home to weird plants and unique creatures that evolved here coping with this most extreme of places. This is a rare opportunity to see the Boojum, for example, that looks more like a 10 meter high upside down parsnip than a true plant, the blue-footed boobies that each year perform their comical courtship or Lizards that eat flies so salty they would kill them, had they not enlarged nostrils with salt glands.
Afghanistan - The Lost Mines of the Pharaohs
Afghanistan - one of the most remote and dangerous countries in the world. Yet for the last 20 years, through the turmoil of Russian invasion, retaliation, civil war and religious jihad, an American has traveled through Afghanistan in search of fabulous precious stones. This film is the story of this man and his achievements. It follows his journey to the mines he has rediscovered and helped reinvigorate. The lapis lazuli mine is the oldest on the planet. Over 6000 years ago, the precious blue stone was dug by hand and traded to Egypt of the pharaohs.
The Iron Forest
The Limestare Alps National Park is a mosaic of forests of different ages. The wild, romantic waterways are important habitats for many water insects and a paradise for the water ouzel and the gray wagtail. Another rarity shown in this film is a brood of black storks that do not actually nest in the national park but frequently catch trout in the park's brooks and streams.
Restless Peaks - The Birth of the Alps
The history of the development of the most powerful mountain range in Europe that attracts more than 45 million tourists every year was not well researched until fairly recently. Using lavish computer animation, this production relates the astonishing genesis of the Alps - the slow, gigantic transformation from an ancient land-locked sea into one of the most majestic mountainous regions of the earth.
Yucatan - In the Kingdom of the Jaguar God
The Central American peninsula of Yucatán is famous for its fascinating wildlife and exotic flora and fauna. In this exciting report, extreme diver and pilot Herbert Nitsch meets remarkable scientists and daring adventurers who take him along on subterranean diving expeditions and jungle trips. He uncovers mysterious relics of the long lost Maya culture and follows the traditional rituals of today's indigenous population. In Belize, Guatemala and Mexico he explores the last jaguar and howler monkey reserves and tests his capacity and courage in deep meandering caves and torrential rapids.
The Climate Change Bug
For some time now the question of whether or not climate change is taking place has been more or less settled. The issue that remains largely unanswered however is: how will we cope with climate change and what effect will it have on our flora and fauna. Already there are signs that serious ecological and biological changes are taking place, not only far away in exotic regions of the world, but also right on our own doorstep, here in Europe. This documentary seeks to explain broadly which animals and plants are most likely to spread across Central Europe and shows what we could expect running into in a few years' time. One kind of tick, for example, which originally comes from Africa and causes malaria-like symptoms, is becoming more and more common. And this is not the only «exotic» species that are increasingly surviving the milder winters and proliferating, confronting us with a slow-going, almost hidden change in European wildlife.
The Black Mountain
Mount Grossglockner towers above the Tauern massif like a sentinel over an Alpine paradise of nature. Georg Riha portrays the Austrian Alps' highest summit using state-of- the-art techniques. The camera accompanies mountain goats to the edge of a precipice and hovers above regions man has never entered whereas cable-car rides reveal the true nature of glaciers and waterfalls.
The Big Picture
Life on Earth captured through satellite technology - a unique picture from space that offers an extraordinary and different view of our planet. Our space detectives create precise satellite pictures and spot potential problems. Floods and fires can be tracked daily and movements of ocean currents and snow-cover can be followed throughout the seasons. «The Big Picture» opens the skies, to let us peek as an outsider into a palette of discoveries on Earth.
Of Graves and Robbers - The Sell-out of Peruvian History
The arid sand deserts of Peru have been preserving mummies and burial artefacts over many millennia. Recent excavations such as the royal burial chambers of Sipán and the 220 mummies found at the Lake of Condors produced a scientific sensation comparable only to the discovery of the Egyptian tombs. Starting out from these finds, the movie goes in hot pursuit of what happens at and around the excavation sites of Peru. On the one hand there's Peruvian archaeologist Sonia Guillen, who has dedicated her life to the proper scientific investigation of her country's heritage. Her efforts are frequently frustrated by grave looters: entire villages make their living by digging up ancient burying places to get at artefacts which earn the huaceros a few dollars but which bring enormous wealth to international smuggling networks. Quite often it is the grave robbers who put scientists on the tracks of new discoveries - yet every devastated site is another irredeemable loss of our heritage. The documentary illuminates the criminal entanglements of the international antique market and follows the famous FBI art cops in reconstructing the spectacular robbery of one of the most
A Rugged Life in the Mountains
The Lechtal valley and the mountains towering above it have retained their virgin beauty like no other Alpine region of comparable size. However, daily life and work is often a struggle to survive, and natural catastrophes, such as mudslides, flooding from mountain torrents and avalanches often endanger this natural habitat with its picturesque landscape. This film depicts the people who live in this rugged environment and reveals how life in the Lechtal valley shapes its inhabitants and influences their struggle against nature.
The Living Cathedral
The most astonishing natural area in Austria is St. Stephens Cathedral in Vienna. Between the roof tiles, at stone gargoyles and in many a damp crevice, the 850 year-old cathedral reveals itself as a botanical and zoological garden. For the film on the biology of St. Stephen's Cathedral in Vienna the film team burst the normal boundaries of technology. They had robots weighing tons and mounted with cameras that swivel three dimensionally move through the interior of the cathedral. With a little camera cableway installed between the base and the peak of the cathedral, cameras crossed the line of flight of the peregrine falcons.
Also available: Making Of (30 min.)
Tough at the Top
The Hohe Tauern mountain range is a high Alpine wilderness harboring natural treasures. The film shows a series of barely known, extremely shy or rare animals of the high mountains of Upper Austria. It took 2 years to complete the complicated shooting during which the camera team had to cope with harsh conditions to capture an intimate look into the secretive life of these shyest of mountain creatures.
The Mariazell Region - Mysterious World of the Mountains
In spring 2007, the basilica of Mariazell has regained its old splendor. Situated amidst the wildly romantic, mysterious alpine environment of the Ötscher mountain in the border region between the provinces of Styria and Lower Austria, the small village is the destination of numerous pilgrims from far and wide. The film traces the old legends about demons, weather witches and dark forces and portrays the natural environment of this unique mountain world around the pilgrimage site of Mariazell.
Almendro - Tree of Life
The Almendro Tree must be the most impressive of all the jungle giants in Costa Rica's rainforest. From root to top, this unique tree offers habitats, shelter and nourishment to an incredible number of creatures. Whenever an Almendro goes down, almost the entire community goes down with it, demonstrating the fragility of interdependent systems. A dramatic example of this principle is the Great Green Macaw. Wherever the tree disappears, the parrot no longer is found.
Drava - River of Peace, River of War
The Drava is one of the last big, partially untamed lowland rivers of central Europe. Whereas in Austria the river is forced into a narrow concrete corset after a few kilometers in Austria, the lower reaches of the Drava at the border between Hungary and Croatia are practically untouched. For years it was cut off from the outside world by the Iron Curtain. At that time only soldiers were permitted to enter the border area. This allowed the areas along the Drava to keep its incredible variety of plant and animal life. Here black storks breed in the solitude of the forest, kingfishers and sea eagles fish in the branches of the Drava and innumerable bank swallows make their nests in the steep slopes rising from the river.
Further downstream, the idyll found an abrupt end during the war at the beginning of the 1990s between the Serbs and Croats. The Kopacki Rit, the flood plains where the Drava flows into the Danube, was right at the fighting front. During those years the Kopacki Rit Natural Park lost a great deal of its original natural wealth.
Nature's process of regeneration, however, will take place during the coming decades without human intervention.
The Dragons of the Canaries
Kurt Mündl's sensational documentary covers its subject from ancient seafaring myths and legends that related stories of the "Dragons of the Canary Islands" as early as 2,000 years ago, up to the current state of research on these unique reptiles. Spectacular shots also illustrate the trying journeys undertaken by Oskar Simony at the end of the 19th century. The first giant lizard specimen captured by Oskar Simony in 1889 for the scientific world is still at the Vienna Museum of Natural History. But Mündl's film also demonstrates that animal species do not always benefit from being discovered: Only a few decades after Simony's sensational discovery the giant lizard of El Hierro was considered lost or extinct. Too many scientists and collectors had helped themselves to material from the small population.
The first-ever filmings realised by Kurt Mündl and his team also include a filming of the hatching of a giant lizard from start to finish. In addition to biological details on these lizards Mündl's film includes dramatic reenactments of Oskar Simony's expeditions and the life of the "Guanches", the Canarian aborigines, who hunted lizards to eat them. Animations of top quality are another asset of this film.
Umbria - From Wreck to Reef
On June 10, 1940, the Umbria, an Italian man-of-war, was scuttled in the Red Sea near Port Sudan. Tons of ammunition, 300.000 bombs and air mines, military trucks, motorcycles and silver coins sank to the bottom of the sea. In 1949, Austria's underwater pioneer Hans Hass explored the wreck and documented the beginning growth of corals. 30 years later he returned, filming and photographing the same positions again for comparison. The metamorphosis from wreck to reef was already on its way. 60 years after the Umbria sank, Erich Proell, another living legend of underwater filming, visited the wreck that had meanwhile turned into a veritable reef. Six decades after the Umbria sank almost the entire wreck has been taken over by marine creatures. The dark holds, still stacked with bombs and other war materials, have been colonised by armies of tube worms and a colourful array of sponges that can survive without sunlight. Erich Proell has documented some of the bizarre scenes of this submarine landscape: vintage motor cars, trucks, railway carriages standing upright in the sand, all overgrown with corals.
Drakensberg - Africa's Dragon Mountains
A dragon hatched from the volcanic furnaces of Gondwanaland. Ancient almost beyond comprehension, yet a living thing. And vast, stretching across a subcontinent, its spine arching above the clouds...
No lucky dragon, this. Starvation festers beneath the shimmering green of its skin. But to the creatures that live along its flanks, it can be a bountiful provider as well as a remorseless destroyer. Today we call it the Drakensberg, or «Dragon Mountain». «Drakensberg» is a dynamic documentary journey through the life of this ever-astonishing mountain. It is also a story of animal survival in a landscape of overwhelming, pitiless power.
Schönbrunn - Well of Beauty
Georg Riha applies unusual perspectives to the «Schönbrunn» theme. A transformation the like of which the viewer has never seen unfolds before his eyes. Schönbrunn in the protean succession of the seasons, of light and shadow, day and night is presented by Sir Peter Ustinov who leads the viewer through Schönbrunn palace with its marvellous garden and the Schönbrunn Zoo.
Living for the Queen
The film documents the life of a bee colony for the duration of a year. Part of the colony emigrates and becomes a «wild» colony giving an intimate view of the artistically designed beehive and the bee's cleverly organised social life: dividing labour, collecting nectar and warding off enemies. The special feature of this production is the very natural effect of the close-ups that give the viewer the feeling of being within the colony, even for rare events. Without having seen it, who could imagine the queen's «wedding flight» during which the virgin ruler of the colony mates with a drone, a male bee ... all this taking place flying at high speed.
Flight of the Stork
Every spring, there is a unique annual gathering just a few miles from Austria's capital Vienna: Some sixty pairs of white storks come here to mate and breed. This film accompanies these white storks on their seasonal journeys between Central Europe and their African winter quarters. Innovative camera technology offers thrilling and surprising insights into the bird's lives, from their egg-shell cradle to their long flight back to Africa in late summer.
The Carnic Alps - Nature's Treasure Trove
Austria's southern region boasts a mountain range that seems to consist of nothing but borders: the Carnic Alps.
This is where cultures, languages and lifestyles meet, where Mother Nature provides a glimpse of the history of our planet Earth and where a soft breeze from the sea hits the cold Alpine wall. It is a place of close encounter of three languages: Slovenian, German and Italian. Apart from the geographical border position, it is the steep mountain cliffs, the narrow valleys and the diversity of these borders that have shaped people's mentality. At a distance of approximately 60 miles from the sea, the impact on the weather is obvious. When the clouds come pushing to the North from the Adriatic Sea, they eventually hit the main ridge of the Carnic Alps, which forces them to stop for a rest and shed rain. Finally, the geological history of Mother Earth has formed its own boundaries here between the earth's ages.
Southeast Asia at its best. 85% of the country is untouched nature, widespread forests, steep mountains and wide river valleys, but also cool high plateaus and savannahs. The primeval forests support a fauna like something out of a fairy tale, with elephants, tigers, leopards, and some of the rarest animal species on the planet. Species never seen by humans are discovered at regular intervals. In recent decades, the few large mammals to be described for the first time were all found in Indochina and experts assume that most of them are at home in Laos: wild oxen such as the saola and kuprey or the truong son munjak. No outsider has ever seen a living specimen of the latter; its existence is only known indirectly, through skeletons, horns and bag that are occasionally found in remote villages. And there is the Mekong, one of the last untamed rivers on Earth. Fed by hundreds of tributaries, it is one of the richest freshwater systems on the planet, comparable only with the Congo or Amazon. This is where the Mekong catfish lives. At 3 meters long and weighing in at 300 kilograms, this monster must be the largest freshwater fish on earth.
Mountains of Mystery
Forming part of the northern limestone Alps, the «Eisenwurzen» nature park boasts a varied, rich landscape dominated by dramatic mountain chains and mighty, steep-faced individual mountains with high-rising cliffs. The white-water rivers and creeks which have eroded the rock of the precipitous mountainsides and ravines are a constant temptation to daring young people, offering fascinating training opportunities to kayakers and canoers of all skill levels. The Eisenwurzen and neighboring regions stand for harmony between ancient culture and craftsmanship on the one hand, and bizarre, overwhelming natural landscapes on the other. The Eisenwurzen region reflects a close union of Mother Nature, historical tradition, exploratory urge and love of adventure.
Namaqualand - Africa's Desert Garden
Namaqualand - the setting for an annual wildlife fairytale. Every year in the narrow window between the cold wet winter and scorchingly-hot, dry summer, flowers of all description bloom in carpets of colors unimaginable, insects of equal diversity pollinate and predate, and everything form meerkats to ostriches breed. This film chronicles the magical transformation of a landscape - from the fantasy of fields of flowers to the harsh realities of a desert, and back again and uses a gang of meerkats and a group of ostriches as main characters who develop during the seasonal changes.
Europe's countryside is largely shaped by agriculture and by highly specialized, efficient farms. However, in the seventies of the past century, a counter-movement set in: ecological management became a new topic on the agenda. The film features an organic farm as it traverses the different cycles of the year, its main protagonists being farm animals and pets as well as wild game that regularly visit its surrounding meadows and fields. The film portrays the behavior and peculiarities of the farm's cows, pigs, goats, chickens and ducks. Rather than presenting any new livestock species or inaccessible corners of the land, this documentary introduces the viewers into a well known world, that still is full of secrets.
High Tatras - A Wilderness Frozen in Time
The High Tatras are considered a National Park in Slovakia. It has more than three hundred peaks, many higher than 2500 meters, romantic valleys with no access roads, crystal-clear streams and forests inhabited by wolves, bears and lynxes. Observing the nature of the High Tatras means to look into the past, to go back to a world when ploughs were pulled by horses and trees were cut with handsaws and axes, to go back to the times of European wilderness, when predators still roamed the forests.
Carinthia - Land of Water
Carinthia has many farmers, craftsmen and fishermen who depend on water for their living. Curt Faudon paints a portrait of these people who live out their lives in the heart of a grandiose and multi-faceted natural landscape that, in spite of tourism, has remained nearly unaltered for the ferrymen in the Rosental Valley and the raftsmen on Lake Weissensee are still plying their trade on the waters of Carinthia.
The Incredible Hulik and His Beavers
Biologist Tomas Hulik spent more than 300 days and nights in the wild riverine forest along the river March, separating Slovakia and Austria. After that, Rachel, the matron of this beaver territory, allowed him to watch the daily routine and dramatic adventures of her family of five at close range. In more than 200 shooting days, an ORF camera team accompanied Tomas to gather scenes never before filmed in the wild.
Greece - Garden of the Gods
Greece, the Ancient Empire, is the residence of the Gods from Artemis to Zeus. A sanctuary of impressive temples, ruins, mystical places of worship and home to a rich fauna and flora. Steeped in legends, this countryside provides the backdrop for the unique natural history of the birthplace of the Olympic Games. This unconventional documentary moves to and from between the world of ideas and natural facts and takes us through the realm of the Gods where hardly known animals live in a breathtaking landscape. Schlamberger combines the magnificent visual imagery of nature-film with a journey into the world of ancient Greek ideology, inviting us on an entertaining stroll through the «Garden of the Gods».
Return of the Bald Ibis
Four years ago a group of zoologists ventured out to indulge into a truly crazy adventure. Their ambition: to show a flock of bald ibises, birds that have been pushed over the brink by hunting and habitat destruction and only survived in zoos, how to fly to their winter quarters on their original seasonal migration routes. They accompanied the animals with lightweight airplanes from Austria to Italy - a chaotic event full of mishaps and some successes. But now it appears as though their dreams are about to come true: the comeback of a bird that went extinct in Europe in the Middle Ages. In the previous year two bald ibises managed to fly back to Austria without guidance. Now, for the fi fth time, human foster parents - 16 people from 4 nations - will once again lead the way for young ibises in completely novel paraplanes covering a distance of 900 kilometres within three weeks. This documentary takes us on a thrilling and humorous adventure introducing us to a very special family consisting of birds and humans.
Lake Constance - Emerald in the Heart of Europe
No other European destination has as many incomingand out-going «flights» as Lake Constance: it'sthe main hub for migratory birds in Western Europe.Over 300 different species pass through everyyear: that's more than a quarter of a million birds.Lake Constance is so large that, standing on oneshore, the Earth's curvature prevents you seeing theopposite bank. This body of water is large enoughto influence the climate, and the soil round about isso fertile it creates its own ecosystem. Red-crestedpochards, whooper swans, alpine swifts - and raccoons:the lake is home to a myriad of species.This film explores the secrets above and below the surface and on the banks of this lake which linksAustria, Germany and Switzerland with no bordersin between.
The Ice Trap - The Tegetthoff's Arctic Odyssey
The «Franz Josef Land» archipelago was discovered in 1873 by an Austrian polar expedition. This 90-minute special illustrates the achievements and sacrifices of the ship's 24 crew members from Istria, Dalmatia, Italy, Hungary, Bohemia and Austria. Trapped in the ice, the Tegetthoff drifted northward, farther north than any human being had ever ventured before. Captain Carl Weyprecht's decision to abandon the doomed ship and begin the long trek over the pack-ice back through Siberia led to one of the most spectacular achievements of a team in international polar history.
Waldviertel - The Enchantment of a Rugged Land
Vienna's forests make a visual impact on the city's scenery - being a source of life and sanctuary at the same time: They are omnipresent and an enormous asset, taken for granted by many. Perhaps no other European capital boasts so many acres of forest per inhabitant. There are the well-known Vienna woods in the West and North, the national park of the Danube wetlands to the East, and numerous groves and green corridors right amidst built-up urban space.
Georg Riha's film makes forests in their enormous diversity an experience in its own right, spotting forest wildlife in dens and observing nature as the seasons go by. Based on superb filming equipment such as the track-based overhead Camcat system and the exceptional CamTL35 fast-motion camera, the film shows visual montages alternating between idyllic impressions and unusual camera perspectives and views.
Bohemia - A Year in the Wetlands
In Bohemia, at the very heart of Europe, south of the Golden City of Prague and guarded by medieval castles, lies a hidden mosaic of lakes and gently flowing rivers, of misty forests and mysterious peat bogs.
This important wetland, shaped both by nature and centuries of influence by man, is a magnet for huge flocks of birds and home to an amazing diversity of plant and animal life.n spring there is an explosion of life as the trees are weighed down with nests of cormorants, egrets, herons and storks. With the arrival of winter the landscape becomes silent and desolate. Otters are hunting fish under the ice of frozen lakes while White-tailed Eagles soar over gaps in the ice, targeting fish and birds. Since his early childhood wildlife cinematographer Jiri Petr has spent much of his time in this wildlife paradise. Together with him, we will explore this remarkable habitat and observe the changing faces of nature during the course of one year that inspired many artists and writers alike.
Vienna's Forests - Jewels of Green
Vienna's forests make a visual impact on the city's scenery - being a source of life and sanctuary at the same time: They are omnipresent and an enormous asset, taken for granted by many. Perhaps no other European capital boasts so many acres of forest per inhabitant. There are the well-known Vienna woods in the West and North, the national park of the Danube wetlands to the East, and numerous groves and green corridors right amidst built-up urban space.
Georg Riha's film makes forests in their enormous diversity an experience in its own right, spotting forest wildlife in dens and observing nature as the seasons go by. Based on superb filming equipment such as the track-based overhead Camcat system and the exceptional CamTL35 fast-motion camera, the film shows visual montages alternating between idyllic impressions and unusual camera perspectives and views.
The Tale of the Hare and the Sun
The film tells of the life of hares, their enormous fertility, their interaction with predators and their spread over all continents, from the desert to the Arctic ice observing snowshoe hares at -25°C in Canada's Yukon Territory, field hares in the east of Austria, and their near relatives, the rabbits of Spain's Extremadura.
Flight of the Bald Ibis
Bald ibises migrated back and forth between Central Europe and Northern Africa, before they were pushed over the brink by hunting and habitat destruction. Today, the birds have no memory of the old seasonal migration routes. Two Austrian ornithologists therefore fly the route using ultralight planes to guide a flock of birds to their winter quarters in the Maremma swamps along the west coast of Tuscany, Italy. Part 2: »Return of the Bald Ibis«
Bohemian Forest - Wilderness in the Heart of Europe
The location of the Bohemian Forest at the former Iron Curtain and the political influences involved, had the result that both forms of country side are united here: natural landscape on the one hand and the ancient cultivated landscape on the other. In the Bohemian Forest there are still villages that include part of the forest. This is a practice that was common in all of Europe as far back as the Middle Ages and amounted to as much as seventy percent. Obviously, life was based on the forest and it provided people with their livelihood. Canals still exist today that were built in the 18th century for transporting lumber. Despite these canals and the hundreds of years of exploiting the riches of the area, such as the lumber, the Bohemian Forest still has the last remnants of the original European prime forest. The fact that one can still occasionally meet up with a lynx today is due, however, to conservationist moves to re-introduce the wild cats into the region. The film shows the progression of the seasons and the life of the farmers in this wilderness in the heart of Europe.
The Roaring Mountains
Nowhere in the Alpine mountains are water, forest and rocks as precipitous, rock faces as vertical as in the Gesäuse National Park, Europe's largest canyon. «Gesäuse» is a name derived from the rushing noise of the water, the soughing wind that echoes up to the peaks of the north faces of this unique region - home to the myth of the mountain. When the sun rises and ushers in a magnificent day, the Gesäuse projects a perfect image of a mountain. However, in bad weather, the Gesäuse's walls reflect a scary phenomenon as the speed of the inflowing airmass multiplies. Adverse weather conditions can thus convert the Gesäuse into inferno. Michael Schlamberger, Austria's most renowned nature filmmaker internationally, listened to the rushing whitewater of the river Enns and conquered the sheer rock walls, chasing eagles and chamois in passing.
Typhoon Island - Taiwan
The spectacular island of Taiwan has long been buffeted by violent elemental forces, and a recent hurricane of human development has rocked it to its core. But at the eye of this dual storm, in the island's mysterious mountain heart, a huge variety of unique and little-known wildlife has survived. That may come as a surprise to many, since this is no lost wilderness, but one of the most densely populated places on earth: Taiwan, with over 20 million people inhabiting an area just 200 by 80 miles.
Fu Long - Little Panda, Happy Dragon
Entire Austria was buzzing with excitement as for the first time ever in the history of European zoos a panda baby was conceived naturally and born in good health. In advance to this moment of happiness, a Chinese delegation called the little bear Fu Long -«Happy Dragon». ORF's Natural History Unit accompanied the panda baby throughout the first moments of its young life. Witness Fu Long's clumsy attempts at walking, playing around in the adjoining garden and canoodling with his mother Yang Yang. This documentary offers not only sensational exclusive shots of the newly born baby in its birth box, being taken care of by its mother and the little panda's visits to the veterinarian to assure healthy development but also tries to uncover the secret life of one of the most endangered species in the world. Fu Long is growing fast and getting cuter and lovelier every day. Have a look and join the «panda-mania» that crossed Austria's borders spreading into whole Europe in no time.
The Valley at the Border
The border between Austria and the Czech Republic runs along the middle of the Thaya River. Up to the fall of the Iron Curtain, the isolation of the youngest Austrian national park allowed a great diversity of quite rare animal and plant species to survive. Highlights of this production are underwater shots of spawning brook trout, a battle between stag-beetles and the mating of a female praying mantis - complete with the well-known outcome.
Death at Dawn - The Emperor's Last Battleship
Premuda, June 10th, 1918 6:05 am: The Szent Istvan is sinking. The most modern battleship of the K.u.K. fleet has been hit by two torpedoes on its maiden voyage. A camera team aboard the Tegetthoff was sent out to film the first deployment of the new battleship. The planned scenes of celebration would instead become a one of a kind documentation of a horrific event. Their original footage forms the basis of this documentary, which recreates and analyses the tragedy. Historical reenactments, filmed on historic ships in Rostock and Athens, help define the atmosphere of the film. Using 3D animation and a diving expedition to the wreck of the Szent Istvan off the coast of Croatia, the filmmakers attempt to resolve the last mysteries of the ship's destruction.
Libyan Sahara - Water from the Desert
«Bahr Belá Má», «Waterless Sea», as the Sahara is called by the Bedouins. But deep beneath the dune fields and stone deserts expands an immeasurable reservoir of water resources. Using enormous technical resources, the Libyans have begun to extract fossil reserves of groundwater. Following oil, water is now arousing a new wave of euphoria. In the present desert climate, reserves are only being partally replaced and what has collected over a period of millions of years may be used up in only a few decades.
Tyrol - Life in the Mountains
The mountain farmers in the valleys of Tyrol and East Tyrol have been profoundly shaped by the environment they live in. Internationally acclaimed director Curt Faudon presents a portrait of the rugged and rough life these people live as they go about their work and celebrate their festivities and embarks on a search for the ancient ties that exist between nature and man.
Cuba - Wild Island of the Caribbean
Cuba is the largest and yet least known island in the Caribbean. Over half the plants and animals are found nowhere else on earth and over 80% of the reptiles and amphibians are uniquely Cuban. The film reveals the unknown wonders of the largest and most unspoilt of the Caribbean islands and provides a fresh perspective on Cuba.
Hallstatt - Living between Rock and Lake
The Austrian region of Hallstatt-Dachstein features breathtaking landscapes, crystal clear lakes and a deep historic relevance: During the Hallstatt era, 2500 years ago, the celtics built an empire on the ancient salt-mines of the region. Using the latest CGI techniques, dramatic reenactments and outstanding nature photography director Wolfgang Thaler lets this fascinating region come to life.
Alpine Meltdown - Just a Few Degrees More
The climate is changing, global temperatures are rising. The impact is already apparent, especially in the mountains - but also in the lowlands. The permafrost zone is movng higher, and the masses of snowmelt sweeping down from the glaciers are increasing year by year. Rivers roar into powerful floods and dwindle to a trickle within minutes. «Alpine Meltdown» takes us to a future world, incorporating the changes that have already occurred and pursuing the question: how will alpine landscapes look - and what animals will they still protect - at the end of the 21st Century?
Alpine Lakes - Quiet Beauty
Springs, streams, ponds, lakes and rivers have forged our landscape over thousands of years. The film retraces the water's journey - from the glacier down into the valley, through the mountains to its source, illustrating the beauty of natural, smaller lakes in Austria with their fascinating world of flora and fauna and tells the story of enchanted cliffs, a spectacular underwater world, dragons, ancient species of fish, as well as of speleologists and modern science.
Pielach - The Enchanted Valley
The Pielach, with a length of 67.5 km, is a little known river at the foothills of the Alps, though biologically speaking, flowing through hidden natural treasures, it is one of Austria's most valuable running waters. While the valley of the Pielach was settled by mammoth hunters as early as the ancient Stone Age, Celts and Romans left their traces later. The river is one of the last spawning waters of Huchen, a relative of the trout. Measuring up to two meters, the Huchen feels very much at home in the tranquil Pielach.
The Treasury - Vienna's Natural History Museum
For the world famous newspaper, the «Sunday Times», an English team of museum specialists determined the ten best museums of this world - Austria's Natural History Museum of Vienna was within the top ten. Without a doubt, it holds a unique position within the museums of the world. Vienna's Natural History Museum is a collection of natural treasures - from meteorites to stone age artefacts, from dinosaur bones to fossils trapped in amber. But how did these jewels find their way into this temple of knowledge? Every piece has its own story which leads out of the museum into the remotest corners of the world - and beyond. For the first time, this documentary will unfold the history of this traditional Viennese museum as well as explore the museum's contribution to science across the world.
Kailash - Towards the Sacred Mountain
In a remote west Tibetan corner, one of the highest-lying and most solitary territories of our planet, a pyramid rises that is made solely of crags and ice: Mount Kailash, the holy mountain. For more than a thousand years, pilgrims have been going on a long and laborious journey, following an ancient ritual of rounding the sacred peak, in order to draw on the miraculous powers of the Kailash. The documentary is a cinematic expedition on the tracks of Sven Hedin, Heinrich Harrer and Hervert Tichy, who were all spellbound by the Kailash and its sacred power.
The Living Graveyard
The Viennese Central Cemetery is the biggest and, historically, most significant cemetery in Europe. It is not only the resting place for innumerable politicians and great musicians such as Beethoven and Johann Strauss, it is also a wildly romantic jungle, a habitat for countless animals. This unusual setting for a nature documentary is introduced from the animal's point of view giving an insight info. The hamster guides us through the world below the gravestones, the hawk reveals the activity from the air. Human visitors, funeral processions and tourists are all shown from an animal perspective giving an insight into a fascinating habitat in a vast sea of graves.
We perceive time in terms of seconds - the length of a heartbeat. We can't even imagine events that unfold over several days and years or be aware of elementary particles that flash into existence for less than a billionth of a second without high-tech camera equipment and exceptional filming techniques. «Time Limits» uses a combination of dramatic computer animation, amazing real time images and the latest scientific advances to give a totally new view of our world and our universe. Specially developed motion-control time-lapse photography will bring to life the slow motion world of plants and the beautiful play of day and night. As the journey continues we experience shorter timescales to find elements that exist for less than a millionth of a second diving into a world of its own. Experience events in a completely new visual way and join the team that made «Limits of Perception» such a success on a fascinating journey to the limits of time.
One of the most stunning, untouched landscapes on earth is found in the heartland of Asia: stretching from the impenetrable forests of Siberia in the North to the Chinese wall in the South. And here, a huge variety of rare animal species are found under its deep blue sky. The rocky territory in the mountains of the North is shared by powerful Argali sheep and ibex. The Southwest of Mongolia is home to the Mongolian Wild Horse, the ancestor of our domestic horse. In the interior of the Gobi desert, wild camels wander from oasis to oasis. The East of the country holds the biggest area of grassland in Asia. In the early springtime, it hosts huge numbers of Mongolian gazelles and wolves. «Wild Mongolia» is a unique revelation of untouched nature and amazing landscapes.
The Wild and the West
The real nature of the western: Why is it that other rivers always act as the double for the Rio Bravo, vultures have never gotten beyond being extras, and that scorpions always climb into the hero´s boots?
For the past one-hundred years westerns have awoken a longing for real adventure and for the big «undiscovered country»- and they've been so successful that most people it's easy to picture the Wild West: Dust blowing through the prominent rock formations of Monument Valley. Endless deserts which test the endurance of righteous men and provide a perfect hiding place for outlaws. Rapid rivers, on the other side of which, a new and better life awaits.
But what 'westerns' tell us about the west is only a part of the story and most of the time it's just fiction - especially the landscape and the wildlife. In the Wild West, it's only a day's ride from the desert to the river, whereas in reality the landscapes are often thousands of miles apart. Not only did they use riders to double for actors they also used bogus rivers to double for the real thing. The famous Rio Bravo is mentioned in the title of more than a hundred westerns, but it's so dried up that in a western it's normally replaced by the Colorado or the San Juan River.
In »Wild is the West«, the man with no name is the wise old man of the west. Nothing is strange to him: From the cavalry, whose legend is bigger than reality, to the myths of the relentless burning hot desert. He proves (at least on celluloid) that it's possible to kill and roast a turkey within five seconds. The famous »man without a name«, hero of countless westerns from the 60´s and 70´s changes genre for this documentary film: He rides through 'Western country' and talks about his life as a professional hero, about the fantasy of the director and about some of the unusual animals and plants that he's encountered in the course of his career. In this documentary, the American actor, Joe Dimmick, plays the role of the Man without a name. He has been the number one double for Clint Eastwood for more than thirty years and is a hopeless romantic, «Can you feel it yet, the feeling to leave everything behind and ride into the sunset? I'll tell you one thing, «If you really want to, you can find the good old West everywhere.»